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青岛市高考英语二模试卷分类汇编任务型阅读(附答案)

一、高中英语任务型阅读

1.阅读短文,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

One out of many important things for the whole family to do is to have dinner together.

Researchers began reporting the benefits of family dinner about a decade ago, focusing mainly

on how it affects children. Studies show that those families who eat dinner at least 3 or 4 times a

week together, benefit in many ways.

Eating together helps families achieve open communication and build stronger and healthier

relationships. Children have better grades at school and are better adjusted as teens and adults,

and the entire family enjoys healthier nutrition. For many families, eating dinner together proves

to be a good and effective way to reduce the risk of youth rates of addiction, and helps to nurture

healthier children. It is also a great time to share the events of the day, discuss news and ideas

and just be together and enjoy each other's company.

During dinner time parents have better opportunity to show that they are the prior to their

children. Sitting at the same table and sharing meals is where and when parents can find out

more about their children's school performance, daily activities and attitudes toward life. When

parents have all this information they can better direct their kids toward positive things in life.

They also have better chance to reduce the possibility that children will get involved with alcohol,

tobacco, and illegal drugs.

However, family researchers say that the benefits of family dinner by no means can be

considered as automatic. Parents can sit down to dinner with their kids every day and achieve

nothing. Family dinner may not benefit if there is too much arguing going on, if there is no

meaningful conversation or, what is even worse, if there is just plain silence during gathering.

(1)What may be the best title for this passage? (no more than 8 words)

(2)What benefits can children get from eating together? (no more than 15 words)

(3)How do you explain the underlined word

(4)What information can parents probably get about their children at family dinner? (no more

than 15 words)

(5)What should be avoided at the dinner table according to the author? And why? (no more

than 15 words)

【答案】 (1)The Benefits of Eating Together\/ The Benefits of Family Dinner\/ Family Dinner

Brings Lots of Benefits.

(2)They have better grades at school and are better adjusted when they are older. \/Children

can communicate with their parents and enjoy their company.

(3)Raise. \/Bing up. \/Educate.

(4)They can learn more about their children's school performance, daily activities and

attitudes toward life.

(5)Silence. Because without communication no one can get any benefit at the dinner table.

\/Quarreling. Because it brings about a bad atmosphere that benefits no one. \/Meaningless

conversation. Because it does not bring any benefit to anyone.

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇议论文,论述了父母和孩子一起吃饭的好处,一起吃饭有助

于家庭实现开放交流,建立更紧密和更良好的关系,父母通过一起吃饭可以更加了解孩子

的变化。但同时沉默、争吵以及无意义的谈话应当在聚餐时避免。

(1)考查细节理解。根据第一段中的“Studies show that those families who eat dinner at

least 3 or 4 times a week together, benefit in many ways.”以及文章内容可知主要为讲述家人聚

在一起吃饭的各种好处。故答案为The Benefits of Eating Together\/ The Benefits of Family

Dinner\/ Family Dinner Brings Lots of Benefits.

(2)考查细节理解。根据第二段中的“Children have better grades at school and are better

adjusted as teens and adults”可知在一起吃饭的孩子们在学校有更好的成绩,在青少年和成

年人中更容易适应;以及“It is also a great time to share the events of the day, discuss news and

ideas and just be together and enjoy each other's company.”可知孩子们在一起吃饭更能交流分

享新闻和想法,享受彼此的陪伴。故答案为They have better grades at school and are better

adjusted when they are older.或Children can communicate with their parents and enjoy their

company.

(3)考查词义猜测。根据上文“For many families, eating dinner together proves to be a good

and effective way to reduce the risk of youth rates of addiction, and helps to”对许多家庭来说,

一起吃晚餐被证明是一个很好的和有效的方法来降低青少年上瘾的风险可知,一起吃晚餐

有助于抚养教育出健康的孩子们。故划线部分单词意思为“抚养;教育”故案为Raise. \/Bing

up. \/Educate.

(4)考查细节理解。根据倒数第二段中的“Sitting at the same table and sharing meals is

where and when parents can find out more about their children's school performance, daily

activities and attitudes toward life.”可知一起吃饭时父母可以了解孩子学习成绩、日常活动和

生活态度。故答案为They can learn more about their children's school performance, daily

activities and attitudes toward life.

(5)考查概括归纳。根据最后一段中的“Family dinner may not benefit if there is too much

arguing going on, if there is no meaningful conversation or, what is even worse, if there is just

plain silence during gathering.”可知如果有太多的争论,如果没有有意义的谈话,或者更糟糕

的是,如果在聚会期间只有简单的沉默,家庭聚餐可能没有什么好处。即作者认为聚餐时

应当避免沉默、争吵或是无意义的谈话。理由并不唯一,言之有理即可。故答案为Silence.

Because without communication no one can get any benefit at the dinner table. 或是Quarreling.

Because it brings about a bad atmosphere that benefits no one.或是Meaningless conversation.

Because it does not bring any benefit to anyone.

【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解,推理判断,词义猜测和概括归纳四个题型的考查,是一

篇教育类阅读,要求考生准确掌握所给材料,结合相关的语法知识和词汇知识,做出正确

答案。

2.Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each

sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

Sustainable Cities Need More Than Parks, Cafes and a Riverwalk

There are many standards that aim to rank how green cities are. But what does it actually mean

for a city to be green or sustainable?

We've written about what we call the

which focuses on providing new green spaces, mainly for high-income people. This vision of shiny

residential towers and waterfront parks has become a widely-shared conception of what green

cities should look like. ________

Gentrification(住宅高档化) has become a catch-all term used to describe neighborhood

change, and is often misunderstood as the only path to neighborhood improvement. In fact, its

defining feature is displacement. Typically, people who move into these changing neighborhoods

are wealthier and more educated than residents who are displaced.

A recent flood of new research has focused on the displacement effects of environmental

cleanup and green space initiatives. ________

Land for new development and resources to fund extensive cleanup of poisonous sites are

scarce in many cities. ________ And in neighborhoods where gentrification has already begun, a

new park or farmers market can worsen the problem by making the area even more attractive to

potential high-income people and pricing out long-term residents. In some cases, developers

even create temporary community gardens or farmers markets or promise more green space

than they eventually deliver, in order to market a neighborhood to buyers looking for green

pleasantness.

________ It makes deindustrialization seem both inevitable and desirable, often by quite

literally replacing industry with more natural-looking landscapes. When these neighborhoods are

finally cleaned up, after years of activism by longtime residents, those advocates often are unable

to stay and enjoy the benefits of their efforts.

A. This phenomenon is often missing from development projects promoted as green or

sustainable.

B. This phenomenon has variously been called environmental, eco-or green gentrification.

C. Greening and environmental cleanup do not automatically or necessarily lead to gentrification.

D. This creates pressure to rezone industrial land for residential towers or profitable commercial

space, in exchange for developer-funded cleanup.

E. But it can drive up real estate prices and displace low- and middle-income residents.

F. Environmental gentrification naturalizes the disappearance of manufacturing and the working

class.

【答案】 E;B;D;F

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,可持续发展城市需要的不仅仅是公园、咖啡馆和河

边人行道。有许多标准旨在对绿色城市进行排名。但是一个城市的绿色和可持续发展究竟

意味着什么呢?意味着住宅高档化,生态环境更中产化,用更自然的景观取代工业的痕迹。

(1)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。根据空前“ We've written about what we call

the ‘parks, cafes and a riverwalk’model of sustainability, which focuses on providing new

green spaces, mainly for high-income people. ”我们称之为“公园、咖啡馆和河边漫步'的

可持续发展模式,其重点是为高收入人群提供新的绿色空间,及空后“ Gentrification(住宅

高档化) has become a catch-all term used to describe neighborhood change, and is often

misunderstood as the only path to neighborhood improvement. ”住宅高档化'已成为描述

邻里变化的一个笼统的术语,移居到这些住宅区的人比那些流离失所的居民更富有,可

知,这样的高档住宅抬高了房地产价格,并取代中低收入居民,代之的是中产阶级。可知

E项符合题意,故选E。

(2)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。根据空前recent flood of new research has

focused on the displacement effects of environmental cleanup and green space initiatives.可

知 ,最近大量的新研究集中在环境清理和倡议绿色空间的效应上。由此可知,清理环

境,倡议绿色空间,意味着让环境,绿化生态有了很大的改善,适合于中产阶级(即住宅

高档化),可知B项符合题意,故选B。

(3)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。根据空前“ Land for new development and

resources to fund extensive cleanup of poisonous sites are scarce in many cities. ”在许多

城市,用于新开发的土地和用于大规模清理有毒场所的资源都很稀缺;及空后“ In some

cases, developers even create temporary community gardens or farmers markets or

promise more green space than they eventually deliver, in order to market a

neighborhood to buyers looking for green pleasantness. ”开发商不得不创造及承诺更多最

终会有更多的绿化。由此可知,为了让开发商资助清理这些有毒的场所,这就造成了将工

业用地重新规划为住宅楼或有利可图的商业用地的压力。故选D。

(4)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。根据空后“ It makes deindustrialization seem

both inevitable and desirable, often by quite literally replacing industry with more natural-

looking landscapes. ”这使得去工业化看起来既不可避免又令人向往,通常是通过用更自

然的景观代替工业……当这些社区最终被清理干净时,这些倡导者往往无法留下来享受他们

的努力带来的好处。,再快速阅读本段得出大意,F项意义与本小题一致。其中的F项中

的of manufacturing与文中的of manufacturing是同义词组。

其中的F项中的disappearance of the working class即是文中所说的清理干净社区,这

些人无法留下来享受他们带来的好处的工人阶级的消失。分析选项可知F项符合题意,故

选F。

【点评】本题要求在理解细节信息的基础上,着重考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。

3.Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each

sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

Screen Time: How Much Is Too Much?

Many children spend a lot of time watching or playing with electronic media—from televisions

to video games, computers and other devices. ________ Perhaps parents now should ease up on

their concerns about screen time, at least for older boys and girls.

Until last year, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) suggested that children and

teenagers have no more than two hours of screen time a day. It also suggests that parents

balance a child's screen time with other activities.

________ Christopher Ferguson, who teaches psychology at Stetson University in Florida, notes

a lack of evidence supporting reports that too many hours spent playing video games or watching

TV is truly harmful.

Ferguson seems interested in one idea: the link between video games and violent or risky

behavior. When he saw results from a recent British survey on screen time, he wanted to know

more. The British study found a small negative effect—about a one percent increase—in

aggression and depression among children who had six or more hours of screen time a day.

________ So, Ferguson and his team examined answers from a survey on risky behaviors. The

study involved about 6,000 boys and girls in Florida, whose average age was 16.

Data from this survey found that American children are also fairly resistant to the negative

effects of electronic media. Among those who used screens up to six hours a day, the survey

found: a 0.5 percent increase in criminal behavior; a 1.7 percent increase in signs of depression;

and a 1.2 percent negative effect on school grades. ________ To further argue his point that

screen time is not harmful, Ferguson adds that children should become familiar with screen

technology. Electronic devices, he says, are a part of our everyday lives.

A. Some negative experiences on social media can and do affect some children.

B. However, some experts question claims that too much screen time is harmful.

C. He wanted to see if there was a similar effect among young people in the United States.

D. So, it is natural that parents should wonder about all the time children spend looking at a

screen.

E. The researchers found no increase in risky sex or driving behaviors, use of illegal substances or

eating disorders.

F. The researchers suggested that for those children, technology use might get in the way of

taking part in other important activities.

【答案】 D;B;C;E

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,许多孩子花很多时间看或玩电子媒体——从电视到

电子游戏、电脑和其他设备。美国儿科学会建议儿童和青少年每天看屏幕的时间不超过两

个小时。一些专家质疑过多的屏幕时间是有害的,Stetson 大学心理学教授Christopher

Ferguson指出,没有证据支持长时间玩电子游戏或看电视确实有害的说法。

(1)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“Many children spend a lot of time

watching or playing with electronic media—from televisions to video games, computers and

other devices.”可知许多孩子花很多时间看或玩电子媒体——从电视到电子游戏、电脑和其

他设备。再根据空后“parents now should ease up on their concerns about screen time, at least

for older boys and girls.”提到了父母对孩子长时间看电子产品的看法,可知本空是提出父母

对孩子花在看屏幕上的时间感到好奇是很自然的。故选D。

(2)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“Christopher Ferguson, who teaches

psychology at Stetson University in Florida, notes a lack of evidence supporting reports that too

many hours spent playing video games or watching TV is truly harmful.”Stetson 大学心理学教授

Christopher Ferguson指出,没有证据支持长时间玩电子游戏或看电视确实有害 的 说法。因

此可推测上文是提出一些专家质疑过多的屏幕时间是有害的,故选B。

(3)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“The British study found a small

negative effect—about a one percent increase—in aggression and depression among children

who had six or more hours of screen time a day.”提到一项英国研究发现,在每天看电视时间

超过6小时的儿童中,攻击性和抑郁会有一个小的负面影响——大约增加1%。因此他想看

看在美国的年轻人中是否也有类似的影响。故选C。

(4)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“Among those who used screens up to

six hours a day, the survey found: a 0.5 percent increase in criminal behavior; a 1.7 percent

increase in signs of depression; and a 1.2 percent negative effect on school grades. ”调查发现,

在每天使用屏幕长达6小时的人群中,犯罪行为增加了0.5%;抑郁症的症状增加了1.7%;

以及1.2%对学习成绩的负面影响。即下文继续列举长时间看屏幕对其他犯罪行为的影响,

故E选项:研究人员发现,危险的性行为、驾驶行为、使用非法药物或饮食失调的情况没

有增加。符合题意,故选E。

【点评】本题要求在理解细节信息的基础上,着重考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。

4.任务型阅读

Help Migrant Workers

There is nothing like going home. More so if it is for the Spring Festival family reunion. For a

migrant worker it perhaps means even more. To be able to set out on a homeward journey with

money from a year's toil in his pocket is the best thing he can think of. ________ They had to

press hard for their defaulted payments, the salaries that were failed to pay up.

About 200 million migrant workers nationwide are something left behind by economic reforms

and opening up due to their contributions in the past three decades. It is almost impossible to

imagine life in these places without them. However, they still form a disadvantaged group. Their

rights are violated in different forms. Among other things, unpaid salaries are the most painful of

such violations that are likely to drive a migrant worker to desperate actions. ________

________They have taken measures to prevent employers from holding back payments to

them. Yet, as the financial crisis bites deep, some small enterprises that are struck the most try to

reduce their economic losses by laying off migrant workers or refusing to pay them. So it is

particularly important for governments at all levels to do an even better job in helping villager-

turned-workers recover their unpaid salaries before the Spring Festival.

It is good news that quite a number of local governments have organized special taskforces to

conduct inspections in those labor-intensive enterprises to make sure they have paid their

migrant workers in a timely and fair manner. Construction commissions in almost all provinces

have published hotlines for farmer-turned-construction workers to lodge complaints against their

employers for withholding their salaries. ________ But we need to look for solutions that will

work at all times. We need to put in place a mechanism that will effectively prevent employers

from holding back salaries to workers.

A. Some have reportedly climbed up chimneys to jump to their death unless they get their

defaulted salaries.

B. It is something every Chinese look forward to as the traditional gala draws near.

C. Unfortunately, weeks preceding the Spring Festival have turned out to be hard times for

migrant workers.

D. Hopefully, these efforts will send more workers on a happy journey home for the Spring

Festival with their salaries in their pockets.

E. However difficult the situations they are in, it is too cruel and unfair for employers to hold back

salaries they should pay their migrant workers.

F. Objectively speaking, governments at various levels have done a great deal in helping these

workers recover their defaulted salaries.

【答案】 C;A;F;D

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了帮助移民工人在春节前拿到薪水政府所采取

的一系列的措施。

(1)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“They had to press hard for their

defaulted payments, the salaries that were failed to pay up. ”可知由于没有拿到薪水,对于回

家过春节的移民工人来说,是很艰难的一段时间。故选C。

(2)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“unpaid salaries are the most painful

of such violations that are likely to drive a migrant worker to desperate actions.”可知下面要介绍

一些讨薪时工人做出的绝望行为。故选A。

(3)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“They have taken measures to prevent

employers from holding back payments to them.”可知这里讲的是政府正在采取措施帮助移民

工人们拿到薪水。故选F。

(4)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空格前采取的一系列措施得知,这些都

是帮助移民员工带着薪水回家过春节的努力。故选D。

【点评】本题要求在理解细节信息的基础上,着重考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。

5.请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单

词。每个空格只填一个单词。

A psychotherapist once taught me a little trick that helped me feel less angry at my partner and

less sad about the failings of our relationship.

She said,

somewhat from the adult, and you are likely to understand and forgive him.

It actually helped. I couldn't be as mad at or disappointed by a child as I could be with a grown

man. So, at least on some occasions, we were both spared the heartache of an uncomfortable

silence or a not-so-silent argument. And I sometimes still use versions of that trick whenever I

feel frustrated or angry in other relationships or personal exchanges.

But what if you could mentally change the form of the emotion itself? According to scientists at

the University of Texas, maybe you can.

Focusing specifically on sadness, the researchers asked two groups of study participants to

write about a time in their lives when they felt very sad. They then asked one group to imagine

sadness as a person, and write down a description of the person they imagined would be sadness.

Not surprisingly, the participants described sadness in such ways as an older person with gray hair

and sunken eyes or a young girl holding her head down as she slowly walked along.

The researchers asked the other group of participants to write down a description of sadness

with respect to its impact on their moods. When asked to rate their levels of sadness after

completing their descriptions, the participants who wrote about the emotion itself and how it

affects them reported higher levels of sadness than the group that anthropomorphized (人格

化)sadness into a specific type of person with familiar human characteristics. The researchers

suggest that by giving life to the emotion, participants can view sadness as something (or

someone) separate and somewhat distant from themselves, helping them relieve their negative

feelings.

While it's okay to feel sad, many people behave in unconscious and sometimes self-destructive

ways to distract or

study authors wanted to know whether or not the group that reported feeling less sad would

make smarter shopping decisions.

They tested this by asking participants in both groups to first choose between a salad or a

cheesecake dessert to go with the main dish they were having for lunch. The researchers also

asked participants to choose between a computer loaded with features for productivity or a

computer loaded with features for entertainment. Those study participants who had

anthropomorphized their emotions were more likely to choose the salad and the productive

computer than those who had simply written about their feelings.

For obvious reasons, then, they say this technique is best for reduce negative emotions.

A Little Trick to Help You Feel ________Sad

Passage outlines

The writer's experience

Supporting details

When he was angry with his partner, the writer was able to

improve his mood by ________ his partner as a little boy, which

is sometimes ________to both sides.

This trick can mentally change It is no ________that the study participants tend to

the form of people's emotion

picture sadness as an older person or an unhappy girl.

The participants who describe their emotion as a person

have a ________level of sadness than those who merely

describe their emotion itself.

This trick can When lost in negative emotions, people may lose

Participants who give ________to the emotion prefer salad

while those who don't choose food ________in sugar and

caloric.

________

This little trick can help people reduce negative feelings.

【答案】 71. Less;imagining;beneficial\/helpful;surprise;lower;

affect\/influence\/impact;control;life;rich\/high\/abundant;Conclusion

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了缓解悲伤情绪的方法——将悲伤的情绪具体

化,但要将悲伤的情绪与相应的人分割开。同时文章中还介绍了一些实验,要求实验对象

将自己悲伤的情绪想象成一个人,并赋予这个“人”以生命,从而达到减轻悲伤情绪的目

的。

(1)考查细节理解。根据第一段中的“a little trick that helped me feel less angry at my

partner and less sad about the failings of our relationship.”心理治疗师告诉了作者一个帮助自

________people's consumption ________of themselves and behave in self-destructive ways.

decisions

己对父母不那么生气以及对关系不那么难过的方法。文章第一段为主旨段,提取关键词

less。在做文章标题时应注意大写。故填Less。

(2)考查细节理解。根据第二段中的“Look at him and imagine him as a very little boy;”可知

应填imagine,但by为介词,后接动名词,故填imagining。

(3)考查推理判断。根据第三段中的“we were both spared the heartache of an

uncomfortable silence or a not-so-silent argument.” 可知。我们都可以免于一个不舒服沉默带

来的心痛或不那么沉默带来的争论。be spared of固定短语,“幸免于”,即对双方都有好处

或益处。故填beneficial\/helpful。

(4)考查细节理解。根据第五段中的“Not surprisingly, the participants described sadness in

such ways ”可知,毫无意外的是,参与者用那样的方式描述了悲伤。Not surprisingly=It is no

surprise that。故填surprise。

(5)考查推理判断“根据第六段中的”the participants who wrote about the emotion

itself ...reported higher level of sadness than ...“情绪本身的参与者有着更高层次的悲伤,因此

与之相对应的,将悲伤描述成一个人的,悲伤的层次较低。故填lower。

(6)考查推理判断。根据倒数第二段中的”Those study participants who had

anthropomorphized their emotions were more likely to choose the salad and the productive

computer than those who had simply written about their feelings.“接受了心理治疗的参与者更

有可能选择沙拉作为作为主菜,且会选择装有工具性软件的电脑,说明心理治疗会对参与

者造成影响,故填affect\/influence\/impact。

(7)考查细节理解。根据倒数第三段中的”While it's okay to feel sad, many people behave in

unconscious and...“可知。当沉浸在悲伤里时,很多人就会表现的无意识,即失去了对自己

的控制。故填control。

(8)考查推理判断。根据anthropomorphized一词,及第六段中的”The researchers suggest

that by giving life to the emotion, participants can view sadness as something (or someone)

separate and somewhat distant from themselves, helping them relieve their negative feelings.“通

过将情绪赋予生命,参与者可以将悲伤从别的事情中分离开来,帮助他们减少负面情绪。

故填life。

(9)考查细节理解。根据倒数第二段中的”choose between a salad or a cheesecake dessert

“可知,这些都是高甜、高热量的食物,故填rich\/high\/abundant。

(10)考查概括归纳。根据最后一段中的”For obvious reasons, then, they say this technique

is best for reduce negative emotions.“这样的方式是减低负面情绪最好的方法。最后一段是对

整篇文章的归纳总结,故填Conclusion。

【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解,推理判断和概括归纳三个题型的考查,是一篇生活类阅

读,考生需要准确理解细节信息,并根据上下文进行分析,推理,概括和归纳,从而写出

正确答案。

6.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。

Top 3 Self-Discipline Techniques

Self-discipline is the key to leading a healthier, happier and more successful life,________. We

have shared some self-discipline techniques below. Follow these self-discipline techniques to

start living a better life.

⑴Start small

The journey of a thousand miles starts with a single step as the proverb goes.________. Instead,

stamina (耐力) is built up by doing a little more than the previous day's target.

The same goes for discipline. Start by trying to carry out self-discipline techniques little by little

every day for big results. Increase your goals over time.

⑵________

Staying self-disciplined requires motivation. It can be hard to stay motivated if you feel like you

haven't made any progress so far. Tracking progress makes you aware of how much you've done

and encourages you to keep going.

⑶Exercise your willpower

________. Some days, sticking to the task is going to be difficult but by reminding yourself of

the end in mind and how much the goal means to you, you will be able to ignore temporary

temptations for long term gain.

The above-mentioned self-discipline techniques have been proven to be extremely effective.

________, and it is the key to living a happy and fulfilling life.

A. Build a support system

B. Measure your goals

C. Willpower and self-discipline go hand in hand

D. Self-discipline is a feature found in many successful people

E. Self-discipline is linked to effective time management

F. However, it is easier said than done

G. You don't train for a marathon by running 10 kilometers on the first day

【答案】 F;G;B;C;D

【解析】【分析】本文介绍三大自律的技巧。

A. Build a support system建立一个支持系统。

B. Measure your goals测评你的目标。

C. Willpower and self-discipline go hand in hand意志力和自律相辅相成。

D. Self-discipline is a feature found in many successful people自律是在很多成功人士身上都能

找到的特征。

E. Self-discipline is linked to effective time management自律和有效的时间管理有联系。

F. However, it is easier said than done然而说起来容易做起来难。

G. You don't train for a marathon by running 10 kilometers on the first day你不会在第一天跑

10公里来训练马拉松。

(1)根据上文提示自律是通向更健康、更快乐、更成功生活的关键。下文提示我们在下

面分享一些自律技巧。承接上下文,However, it is easier said than done切题,该项中的

However表示该句与上文构成转折关系,故选F。

(2)根据上文提示千里之行,始于足下。下文说相反耐力是通过比前一天的目标多做一点

来建立的。承接上下 文You don't train for a marathon by running 10 Kilometers on the first day

切题,下文中的Instead表示前后句是一 种转折关系,故选G。

(3)本题为标题选择。本段主要说保持自律需要动机,但是如果你很久没有取得进步你

就很难保持动力。追踪系统让你知道你做了多少,鼓励你坚持下去。此处的tracking

progress应该指的是对你目标的测评,故选B。

(4)根据本段小标题Exercise your willpower (锻炼你的意志力) ; 再根据下文提示有时候,

坚持完成任务是很困难的,但是通过提醒自己目标的意义和目标对你的意义,你就可以忽

略暂时的诱惑而获得长期的利益。可知C项Willpower and self-discipline go hand in hand.切

题,故选C。

(5)上文提示上述自律技巧已被证明是非常有效的。再根据下文提示这是快乐充实生活

的关键。承接上下文D项Self- discipline is a feature found in many succesful people. 切题,故

选D。

【点评】在做七选五时一定要注意and\/but\/so\/besides\/however\/furthermore\/moreover\/in

addition\/what's more等词汇、固定结构的运用 。它们连接了上下文,起着承上起下的作

用。像but(但是)、however (然而)表示转折,这说明前后的内容相反或相对 。同时还要注

意选项中代词的指代和小标题选择时是对段落的总结。

7.阅读下文并回答问题。

Confidence (自信) is very important in daily life. It can help you to develop a healthy attitude

(态度). A study shows that the people who are more confident are much happier. They can have

more chance to make themselves successful. When you are not confident you can't do well what

you want to do. But how to be more confident? Here are some suggestions:

Speak loud You speak in a voice so low that other people can hardly hear you. Try to speak

loud enough so that people can hear you clearly. The high voice can help you become more

confident.

Play sports Physical exercise makes you tired but completely relaxed. A strong body helps you

be full of confidence.

Encourage yourself Write down a list of things you did during the day to see how many things

you have done well. Did you finish your homework? Did you tell a joke that made everybody

laugh? Give yourself praise for the good things you've done.

Get rid of (消除) fear Fear comes along with failure (失败). But it's easy to overcome (克服) if

you know that failure is part of your life. Don't hide your head just because you said something

stupid last time. Try to start again and believe you can do better.

Pick up a hobby If you like singing, sing as much as you can. In some ways, a hobby can make

you outstanding. And it will make you happy and confident.

(1)Is confidence important in daily life?

(2)When you fail, what can you do to get rid of fear?

(3)Which of these suggestions would you like to choose to be more confident? Why?

【答案】 (1)Yes.

(2)I can try to start again and believe I can do better.

(3)选择一个建议回答即可。说明原由时要有依据。

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了几个如何让自己更自信的方法。

(1)考查细节理解。根据第一段中的“Confidence (自信) is very important in daily life.”可知

自信在日常生活中很重要,所以本题的答案为Yes。

(2)考查细节理解。根据第三段中的“Try to start again and believe you can do better.”可知

对于消除恐惧,作者给的方法是尝试重新开始并相信自己可以做得更好。所以本题答案为I

can try to start again and believe I can do better.

(3)考查推理判断。本题是开放性问题,选择一个建议回答即可。说明原由时要有依

据。

【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解和推理判断两个题型的考查,是一篇教育类阅读,考生需

要准确捕捉细节信息,并根据上下文进行逻辑推理,从而做出正确答案。

8.阅读理解

When was the last time you sat on a park bench(凳子)? Did you stay for long? A new kind of

park benches will limit the amount of time you can sit there. If you don't get up in time, it could

be very painful: there are many sharp spikes (钉子) on the part that you sit on!

Visitors who want a rest on the bench need to put a coin in a machine next to it. Once the

money was accepted, the spikes disappear into the bench. Then visitors can sit down comfortably,

but only for half an hour. When the time's up, the spikes slowly start moving up again. It doesn't

hurt at first, but after a minute, they start coming up even more quickly. They aren't long enough

to cause serious hurt, but they do cause pain, as tests have shown. But why have they been

installed (安装)?

all the thousands of people who visit the park, there aren't enough benches for everyone. We

want to make sure that the benches are shared by more visitors, and to stop people taking a

bench and staying there all day. Installing spikes seems to be the fairest way of stopping people

doing this.

(1)How is the new kind of park bench different from other benches?

(2)What is Paragraph 2 mainly about?

(3)Why are the new benches installed?

(4)The passage says,

this.

【答案】 (1)It can limit the amount of time people sit on it (with sharp spikes). \/ If you don't

get up from it in limited time, it could make you painful.\/ There are many sharp spikes on it to

limit the amount of time people sit on it.

(2)It's mainly about how the new kind of benches work.

(3)They're installed to solve the problem that some people take a bench too long and others

can't share it.

(4)Yes. If people are asked to pay for benches, they will not take it too long when they don't

really need it. Thus, every visitor will have the chance to share it. \/ No. Benches in parks should

be free to visitors. The park can build more benches to solve its problem instead of limiting the

time when visitors have a rest on benches.

【解析】【分析】这是一篇说明文,介绍了一种新型公园长椅,其不同之处在于它上面有

很多尖刺,用来限制人们坐在上面的时间。安装这种椅子的目的是为了让更多的人都能分

享到长椅。

(1)考查细节理解。根据第一段中的“If you don’t get up in time, it could be very painful:

there are many sharp spikes on the part that you sit on!”如果你没有及时起来,那将是非常痛

苦的:你所坐的部位有许多锋利的刺!可知新型公园长椅与其他长椅的不同之处在于如果你

不能在有限的时间内离开它,它可能会让你痛苦。故答案为:It can limit the amount of time

people sit on it (with sharp spikes). \/ If you don’t get up from it in limited time, it could make you

painful.\/There are many sharp spikes on it to limit the amount of time people sit on it.。

(2)考查段落大意。根据第二段中的“Visitors who want a rest on the bench need to put a

coin in a machine next to it. Once the money was accepted, the spikes disappear into the bench.

Then visitors can sit down comfortably, but only for half an hour. When the time’s up, the spikes

slowly start moving up again.”想要在长椅上休息的游客需要在旁边的机器里放一枚硬币。一

旦这笔钱被接受,钉子就会消失在板凳上。然后游客可以舒服地坐下来,但只能坐半个小

时。当时间到了,尖峰又开始慢慢地向上移动。可知第二段主要介绍了这种新型长椅是如

何工作的,故答案为It’s mainly about how the new kind of benches work.。

(3)考查细节理解。根据第三段中的“We want to make sure that the benches are shared by

more visitors, and to stop people taking a bench and staying there all day.”我们希望确保更多的

游客可以共享这些长椅,并阻止人们坐在长椅上一整天。可知安装它们是为了解决有些人

坐了太长时间的板凳,而有些人却无法分享的问题。故答案为:They’re installed to solve

the problem that some people take a bench too long and others can’t share it.。

(4)本题为开放性题目,言之有理即可。故答案为:Yes. If people are asked to pay for

benches, they will not take it too long when they don’t really need it. Thus, every visitor will have

the chance to share it. \/No. Benches in parks should be free to visitors. The park can build more

benches to solve its problem instead of limiting the time when visitors have a rest on benches.。

【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解,段落大意以及开放题型的考查,是一篇科研类阅读,要

求考生准确掌握细节信息,根据上下文的逻辑关系,进行推理,概括归纳,从而写出正确

答案。

9.阅读短文,并按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

When we were growing up in our grandparents' home, Jack, my grandfather, was always in his

room sitting in the chair and listening to the radio. The voices speaking from the metal box day

and night, taught us that there was a larger world outside. He would roll the black dial (刻度盘)

back and forth until the signal was clear. Then he would listen.

Now he is old and falls ill. When I went to visit him, he said to me,

problem is that we're losing primary contact with each other. No more shaking hands. Everyone is

so busy. We want too much and in the process of getting it we miss so much.

while.

I think of all the voices on the radio he has spent a lifetime listening to. I asked,

become interested in radio?

always interested in searching for a better signal, a clearer, more powerful signal that could

communicate with someone somewhere.

the signal, but you can't get rid of natural noise caused by thunder and lightning, rainstorms, or

snowstorms.

He closed his eyes and smiled.

we haven't progressed that far as human beings. We shouldn't forget we still have the same basic

needs.

(1)What did Jack use to do in his room? (No more than 12 words)

(2)Why did Jack roll the black dial back and forth? (No more than 5 words)

(3)How is Jack feeling now? (No more than 8 words)

(4)What does the underlined word

(5)What should you do to solve the problem of losing direct contact with others? (No more

than 20 words)

【答案】 (1)He used to sit in the chair, listening to his radio.

Or: He sat in the chair and listened to his radio.

(2)To find a clear signal.

(3)He is feeling lonely and sad.

(4)Remove.

(5)Open.

We should reduce the time we spend on the Internet and find more time to communicate with

others.

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇夹叙夹议文,作者讲述了自己的祖父杰克曾经爱听收音机的

习惯以及祖父杰克对互联网的看法,旨在说明我们应该减少上网的时间,多拿出些时间来

与人交流,尤其应该多与老人进行直接的交流,以减少他们的孤独感。

(1)考查细节理解。根据第一段中的“Jack, my grandfather, was always in his room sitting in

the chair and listening to the radio.”可知,作者的祖父Jack总是在他的房间里坐在椅子上,

听收音机。故答案概括为:He used to sit in the chair, listening to his radio. Or: He sat in the

chair and listened to his radio.

(2)考查细节理解。根据第一段中的“He would roll the black dial(刻度盘)back and forth

until the signal was clear.”他来回地拨弄着黑色表盘,直到信号清晰为止,可知,Jack这样做

的目的是为了找到清晰的信号。故答案概括为:To find a clear signal.

(3)考查细节理解。根据第二段中的“I dislike the Internet.以及It makes me lonely and sad.”

可知,Jack不喜欢互联网,因为它使他感到孤独与悲伤.故答案概括为:He is feeling lonely

and sad.

(4)考查词义猜测。根据第四段中的“…but you can't remove natural noise caused by

thunder and lightning, rainstorms, or snowstorms.”但你却不能去除掉由雷电,暴雨,或暴风

雪造成的天然的噪声)可推测,前一句“you can electronically eliminate all kinds of noise from

the signal”的意思“你可以通过电子手段消除信号中的各种噪声”。因此,remove(去除)应

与划线部分的单词是同义词故答案为remove。

(5)考查开放题。本题问的是:你怎样做才能解决失去与他人直接交流的问题?根据文

中第二段I dislike the Internet. The problem is that we're losing primary contact with each other.

No more shaking hands. Everyone is so busy.可知,由于有了互联网以后,人们都忙着上网

了,才使得人们失去了直接接触的机会。故答案概括为:We should reduce the time we

spend on the Internet and find more time to communicate with others.也可以发表自己的意

见,但注意不要超过20个单词。

【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解,词义猜测和开放题三个题型的考查,是一篇人生感悟类

阅读,要求考生准确掌握所给材料,进一步根据上下文的逻辑关系,结合相关的词汇知识

和词汇知识,写出正确的答案。

10.请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单

词。

Do you know the look of wonder and joy that children get on their face when they listen to

someone reading them a story?Schools across the nation are bringing in volunteers to guide

children in this very way. If you simply enjoy spending time with children, being a reading

volunteer can be a great way to help support the upcoming generation of readers.

Reading volunteers work with elementary school age children to promote reading. They may

read books to children, listen to children read aloud, or distribute books to school children.

Reading volunteers promote the activity of reading, rather than focusing on teaching reading

skills. They may read to a whole class of children, to a small group, or be assigned a child to read

to one-on-one. During the time they spend with new readers, reading volunteers encourage

them to learn to read.

Almost anyone who knows how to read can be a reading volunteer. High school students,

college students, parents, grandparents, and police officers are just an example of the kinds of

people who become reading volunteers. Being able to read and wanting to spend time inspiring

children to read are the only skills needed to be a successful reading volunteer.

Several educational research studies show that children who are involved in programs with

adult reading volunteers improve their school performance levels. For example, in 1998,

researcher Sara Rimm-Kaufmann found that first graders involved in a program with an adult

reading volunteer three times a week had better letter recognition and reading skills than similar

first graders who hadn't been involved in such groups. In 2000, the Eugene Research Institute

found that fifth graders who had been in an adult volunteer literacy program, were

60% more likely to have grade-level scores in standardized reading tests. Moreover, a 2006 study

by Brian Volkmann showed that children who were read to by adult volunteers had improved

school attendance, which is a major predictor of high school graduation rates.

In addition, reading volunteers themselves can gain a lot of benefits that range from expanding

their personal networks to adding valuable skills to their resumes. They also enjoy the special

time they get to spend with young children. Many volunteers have heart-warming stories to

share with the children they read to. The volunteers know that they are inspiring young children

with a proved educational strategy. So, if you have time, energy, and skill to support children's

literacy, it is a good idea to sign up to be a reading volunteer.

Topic: Reading Volunteers

General information

★Reading stories to children can bring them much pleasure.

★Employing reading volunteers for kids is a ________ practice

in schools nationwide.

★Being a reading volunteer is a good way to support children.

The work of a reading volunteer

★Read to children, listen to them read or give out books to

them.

★Pay attention to the reading itself instead of teaching reading

________ to children.

★Offer ________ to them while new readers learn to read.

________ for being a reading ★Have the basic reading ability.

volunteer

programs

★Have the desire to inspire children to read.

reading.

★Enable children to ________ standardized tests more easily.

★Inspire children to avoid ________ classes.

★Develop and improve volunteers' ________ with others.

★Admit volunteers to obtain valuable skills to increase chance

of landing a ________.

★Give volunteers opportunities to enjoy the happy time with

children.

【答案】 common \/standard;skills;encouragement\/inspiration;

Requirements\/Qualifications\/Conditions;Benefits\/Advantages\/Effects;recognizing;pass;

skipping;relationship(s);job

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了阅读志愿者的工作内容,成为阅读志愿者的

要求,成为阅读志愿者的好处以及阅读志愿者项目对孩子的积极影响等内容。

(1)考查信息转换。根据第一段中的

guide children in this very way可知,“全国各地的学校都在招募志愿者,以这种方式指导孩

子”可推断出“雇用阅读志愿者在全国范围内是一个普遍的\/常规的做法”,common practice

意为“普遍做法”。故填common\/standard。

(2)考查推理判断。根据第二段,rather

than focusing on teaching reading skills.可知“阅读志愿者促进阅读的活动,而不是专注于教

学的阅读技巧。”可知,“阅读志愿者关注的只是阅读的活动而不是教学阅读技巧”。故填

skills。

(3)考查信息转换。根据第二段中的

volunteers encourage them to learn to read可知“在与阅读新手相处的时间里,阅读志愿者鼓

励他们学习阅读”。由此可知填encouragement\/inspiration。

(4)考查信息归纳。根据第三段的内容和表格右栏的内容可知,此处处主要讲述的是成

为阅读志愿者的条件\/资格。故本空填Requirements\/Qualifications\/Conditions。

________ of reading volunteer ★Improve the school children's skills at ________ letters and

(5)考查信息概括。根据最后两段的内容及表格右栏的内容可知,此处主要讲的是阅读

志愿者项目的好处或影响。故填Benefits\/Advantages\/Effects。

(6)考查信息转换。根据第四段中的graders involved in a program with an adult

reading volunteer three times a week had better letter recognition and reading skills than similar

first graders who hadn't been involved in such groups.可知,阅读志愿者项目可提高孩子们的

识别(recognize)字母的能力。题干中的at为介词,因此本空填动词的ing形式,故填

recognizing。

(7)考查信息转换。根据第四段中的graders who had been in an adult

volunteer literacy program, were 60% more likely to have grade-level scores in standardized

reading tests.可知,阅读志愿者项目可帮助孩子们更容易地通过(pass)考试。故填

pass。

(8)考查信息转换。根据第四段中的that children who were read to by adult

volunteers had improved school attendance, which is a major predictor of high school graduation

rates.可知,阅读志愿者项目有助于提高孩子们的上课出勤率,即鼓励孩子们不逃课。skip

(不做应做的事),不参加。avoid doing sth.为固定搭配,意为“避免做某事”。因此此处应填

skipping。

(9)考查信息转换。根据最后一段中的volunteers themselves can gain a lot of

benefits that range from expanding their personal networks t...可知,阅读志愿者们自身也可

从阅读志愿者项目中得到好处,包括拓宽他们的人际网,即改善他们的人际关系

(relationship)。故填relationship(s)。

(10)考查信息转换。根据最后一段中的volunteers themselves can gain a lot of

benefits that range from expanding their personal networks to adding valuable skills to their

resumes可知,阅读志愿者们从阅读志愿者项目中得到好处也包括充实自己的简历,即增

加自身获得工作(job)的可能性。故填job。

【点评】本题考点涉及信息转换,推理判断和信息概括三个题型的考查,是一篇介绍类阅

读,要求考生准确掌握所给材料,结合相关的语法知识和词汇知识,做出正确答案。

青岛市高考英语二模试卷分类汇编任务型阅读(附答案)

一、高中英语任务型阅读

1.阅读短文,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

One out of many important things for the whole family to do is to have dinner together.

Researchers began reporting the benefits of family dinner about a decade ago, focusing mainly

on how it affects children. Studies show that those families who eat dinner at least 3 or 4 times a

week together, benefit in many ways.

Eating together helps families achieve open communication and build stronger and healthier

relationships. Children have better grades at school and are better adjusted as teens and adults,

and the entire family enjoys healthier nutrition. For many families, eating dinner together proves

to be a good and effective way to reduce the risk of youth rates of addiction, and helps to nurture

healthier children. It is also a great time to share the events of the day, discuss news and ideas

and just be together and enjoy each other's company.

During dinner time parents have better opportunity to show that they are the prior to their

children. Sitting at the same table and sharing meals is where and when parents can find out

more about their children's school performance, daily activities and attitudes toward life. When

parents have all this information they can better direct their kids toward positive things in life.

They also have better chance to reduce the possibility that children will get involved with alcohol,

tobacco, and illegal drugs.

However, family researchers say that the benefits of family dinner by no means can be

considered as automatic. Parents can sit down to dinner with their kids every day and achieve

nothing. Family dinner may not benefit if there is too much arguing going on, if there is no

meaningful conversation or, what is even worse, if there is just plain silence during gathering.

(1)What may be the best title for this passage? (no more than 8 words)

(2)What benefits can children get from eating together? (no more than 15 words)

(3)How do you explain the underlined word

(4)What information can parents probably get about their children at family dinner? (no more

than 15 words)

(5)What should be avoided at the dinner table according to the author? And why? (no more

than 15 words)

【答案】 (1)The Benefits of Eating Together\/ The Benefits of Family Dinner\/ Family Dinner

Brings Lots of Benefits.

(2)They have better grades at school and are better adjusted when they are older. \/Children

can communicate with their parents and enjoy their company.

(3)Raise. \/Bing up. \/Educate.

(4)They can learn more about their children's school performance, daily activities and

attitudes toward life.

(5)Silence. Because without communication no one can get any benefit at the dinner table.

\/Quarreling. Because it brings about a bad atmosphere that benefits no one. \/Meaningless

conversation. Because it does not bring any benefit to anyone.

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇议论文,论述了父母和孩子一起吃饭的好处,一起吃饭有助

于家庭实现开放交流,建立更紧密和更良好的关系,父母通过一起吃饭可以更加了解孩子

的变化。但同时沉默、争吵以及无意义的谈话应当在聚餐时避免。

(1)考查细节理解。根据第一段中的“Studies show that those families who eat dinner at

least 3 or 4 times a week together, benefit in many ways.”以及文章内容可知主要为讲述家人聚

在一起吃饭的各种好处。故答案为The Benefits of Eating Together\/ The Benefits of Family

Dinner\/ Family Dinner Brings Lots of Benefits.

(2)考查细节理解。根据第二段中的“Children have better grades at school and are better

adjusted as teens and adults”可知在一起吃饭的孩子们在学校有更好的成绩,在青少年和成

年人中更容易适应;以及“It is also a great time to share the events of the day, discuss news and

ideas and just be together and enjoy each other's company.”可知孩子们在一起吃饭更能交流分

享新闻和想法,享受彼此的陪伴。故答案为They have better grades at school and are better

adjusted when they are older.或Children can communicate with their parents and enjoy their

company.

(3)考查词义猜测。根据上文“For many families, eating dinner together proves to be a good

and effective way to reduce the risk of youth rates of addiction, and helps to”对许多家庭来说,

一起吃晚餐被证明是一个很好的和有效的方法来降低青少年上瘾的风险可知,一起吃晚餐

有助于抚养教育出健康的孩子们。故划线部分单词意思为“抚养;教育”故案为Raise. \/Bing

up. \/Educate.

(4)考查细节理解。根据倒数第二段中的“Sitting at the same table and sharing meals is

where and when parents can find out more about their children's school performance, daily

activities and attitudes toward life.”可知一起吃饭时父母可以了解孩子学习成绩、日常活动和

生活态度。故答案为They can learn more about their children's school performance, daily

activities and attitudes toward life.

(5)考查概括归纳。根据最后一段中的“Family dinner may not benefit if there is too much

arguing going on, if there is no meaningful conversation or, what is even worse, if there is just

plain silence during gathering.”可知如果有太多的争论,如果没有有意义的谈话,或者更糟糕

的是,如果在聚会期间只有简单的沉默,家庭聚餐可能没有什么好处。即作者认为聚餐时

应当避免沉默、争吵或是无意义的谈话。理由并不唯一,言之有理即可。故答案为Silence.

Because without communication no one can get any benefit at the dinner table. 或是Quarreling.

Because it brings about a bad atmosphere that benefits no one.或是Meaningless conversation.

Because it does not bring any benefit to anyone.

【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解,推理判断,词义猜测和概括归纳四个题型的考查,是一

篇教育类阅读,要求考生准确掌握所给材料,结合相关的语法知识和词汇知识,做出正确

答案。

2.Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each

sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

Sustainable Cities Need More Than Parks, Cafes and a Riverwalk

There are many standards that aim to rank how green cities are. But what does it actually mean

for a city to be green or sustainable?

We've written about what we call the

which focuses on providing new green spaces, mainly for high-income people. This vision of shiny

residential towers and waterfront parks has become a widely-shared conception of what green

cities should look like. ________

Gentrification(住宅高档化) has become a catch-all term used to describe neighborhood

change, and is often misunderstood as the only path to neighborhood improvement. In fact, its

defining feature is displacement. Typically, people who move into these changing neighborhoods

are wealthier and more educated than residents who are displaced.

A recent flood of new research has focused on the displacement effects of environmental

cleanup and green space initiatives. ________

Land for new development and resources to fund extensive cleanup of poisonous sites are

scarce in many cities. ________ And in neighborhoods where gentrification has already begun, a

new park or farmers market can worsen the problem by making the area even more attractive to

potential high-income people and pricing out long-term residents. In some cases, developers

even create temporary community gardens or farmers markets or promise more green space

than they eventually deliver, in order to market a neighborhood to buyers looking for green

pleasantness.

________ It makes deindustrialization seem both inevitable and desirable, often by quite

literally replacing industry with more natural-looking landscapes. When these neighborhoods are

finally cleaned up, after years of activism by longtime residents, those advocates often are unable

to stay and enjoy the benefits of their efforts.

A. This phenomenon is often missing from development projects promoted as green or

sustainable.

B. This phenomenon has variously been called environmental, eco-or green gentrification.

C. Greening and environmental cleanup do not automatically or necessarily lead to gentrification.

D. This creates pressure to rezone industrial land for residential towers or profitable commercial

space, in exchange for developer-funded cleanup.

E. But it can drive up real estate prices and displace low- and middle-income residents.

F. Environmental gentrification naturalizes the disappearance of manufacturing and the working

class.

【答案】 E;B;D;F

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,可持续发展城市需要的不仅仅是公园、咖啡馆和河

边人行道。有许多标准旨在对绿色城市进行排名。但是一个城市的绿色和可持续发展究竟

意味着什么呢?意味着住宅高档化,生态环境更中产化,用更自然的景观取代工业的痕迹。

(1)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。根据空前“ We've written about what we call

the ‘parks, cafes and a riverwalk’model of sustainability, which focuses on providing new

green spaces, mainly for high-income people. ”我们称之为“公园、咖啡馆和河边漫步'的

可持续发展模式,其重点是为高收入人群提供新的绿色空间,及空后“ Gentrification(住宅

高档化) has become a catch-all term used to describe neighborhood change, and is often

misunderstood as the only path to neighborhood improvement. ”住宅高档化'已成为描述

邻里变化的一个笼统的术语,移居到这些住宅区的人比那些流离失所的居民更富有,可

知,这样的高档住宅抬高了房地产价格,并取代中低收入居民,代之的是中产阶级。可知

E项符合题意,故选E。

(2)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。根据空前recent flood of new research has

focused on the displacement effects of environmental cleanup and green space initiatives.可

知 ,最近大量的新研究集中在环境清理和倡议绿色空间的效应上。由此可知,清理环

境,倡议绿色空间,意味着让环境,绿化生态有了很大的改善,适合于中产阶级(即住宅

高档化),可知B项符合题意,故选B。

(3)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。根据空前“ Land for new development and

resources to fund extensive cleanup of poisonous sites are scarce in many cities. ”在许多

城市,用于新开发的土地和用于大规模清理有毒场所的资源都很稀缺;及空后“ In some

cases, developers even create temporary community gardens or farmers markets or

promise more green space than they eventually deliver, in order to market a

neighborhood to buyers looking for green pleasantness. ”开发商不得不创造及承诺更多最

终会有更多的绿化。由此可知,为了让开发商资助清理这些有毒的场所,这就造成了将工

业用地重新规划为住宅楼或有利可图的商业用地的压力。故选D。

(4)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。根据空后“ It makes deindustrialization seem

both inevitable and desirable, often by quite literally replacing industry with more natural-

looking landscapes. ”这使得去工业化看起来既不可避免又令人向往,通常是通过用更自

然的景观代替工业……当这些社区最终被清理干净时,这些倡导者往往无法留下来享受他们

的努力带来的好处。,再快速阅读本段得出大意,F项意义与本小题一致。其中的F项中

的of manufacturing与文中的of manufacturing是同义词组。

其中的F项中的disappearance of the working class即是文中所说的清理干净社区,这

些人无法留下来享受他们带来的好处的工人阶级的消失。分析选项可知F项符合题意,故

选F。

【点评】本题要求在理解细节信息的基础上,着重考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。

3.Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each

sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

Screen Time: How Much Is Too Much?

Many children spend a lot of time watching or playing with electronic media—from televisions

to video games, computers and other devices. ________ Perhaps parents now should ease up on

their concerns about screen time, at least for older boys and girls.

Until last year, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) suggested that children and

teenagers have no more than two hours of screen time a day. It also suggests that parents

balance a child's screen time with other activities.

________ Christopher Ferguson, who teaches psychology at Stetson University in Florida, notes

a lack of evidence supporting reports that too many hours spent playing video games or watching

TV is truly harmful.

Ferguson seems interested in one idea: the link between video games and violent or risky

behavior. When he saw results from a recent British survey on screen time, he wanted to know

more. The British study found a small negative effect—about a one percent increase—in

aggression and depression among children who had six or more hours of screen time a day.

________ So, Ferguson and his team examined answers from a survey on risky behaviors. The

study involved about 6,000 boys and girls in Florida, whose average age was 16.

Data from this survey found that American children are also fairly resistant to the negative

effects of electronic media. Among those who used screens up to six hours a day, the survey

found: a 0.5 percent increase in criminal behavior; a 1.7 percent increase in signs of depression;

and a 1.2 percent negative effect on school grades. ________ To further argue his point that

screen time is not harmful, Ferguson adds that children should become familiar with screen

technology. Electronic devices, he says, are a part of our everyday lives.

A. Some negative experiences on social media can and do affect some children.

B. However, some experts question claims that too much screen time is harmful.

C. He wanted to see if there was a similar effect among young people in the United States.

D. So, it is natural that parents should wonder about all the time children spend looking at a

screen.

E. The researchers found no increase in risky sex or driving behaviors, use of illegal substances or

eating disorders.

F. The researchers suggested that for those children, technology use might get in the way of

taking part in other important activities.

【答案】 D;B;C;E

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,许多孩子花很多时间看或玩电子媒体——从电视到

电子游戏、电脑和其他设备。美国儿科学会建议儿童和青少年每天看屏幕的时间不超过两

个小时。一些专家质疑过多的屏幕时间是有害的,Stetson 大学心理学教授Christopher

Ferguson指出,没有证据支持长时间玩电子游戏或看电视确实有害的说法。

(1)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“Many children spend a lot of time

watching or playing with electronic media—from televisions to video games, computers and

other devices.”可知许多孩子花很多时间看或玩电子媒体——从电视到电子游戏、电脑和其

他设备。再根据空后“parents now should ease up on their concerns about screen time, at least

for older boys and girls.”提到了父母对孩子长时间看电子产品的看法,可知本空是提出父母

对孩子花在看屏幕上的时间感到好奇是很自然的。故选D。

(2)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“Christopher Ferguson, who teaches

psychology at Stetson University in Florida, notes a lack of evidence supporting reports that too

many hours spent playing video games or watching TV is truly harmful.”Stetson 大学心理学教授

Christopher Ferguson指出,没有证据支持长时间玩电子游戏或看电视确实有害 的 说法。因

此可推测上文是提出一些专家质疑过多的屏幕时间是有害的,故选B。

(3)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“The British study found a small

negative effect—about a one percent increase—in aggression and depression among children

who had six or more hours of screen time a day.”提到一项英国研究发现,在每天看电视时间

超过6小时的儿童中,攻击性和抑郁会有一个小的负面影响——大约增加1%。因此他想看

看在美国的年轻人中是否也有类似的影响。故选C。

(4)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“Among those who used screens up to

six hours a day, the survey found: a 0.5 percent increase in criminal behavior; a 1.7 percent

increase in signs of depression; and a 1.2 percent negative effect on school grades. ”调查发现,

在每天使用屏幕长达6小时的人群中,犯罪行为增加了0.5%;抑郁症的症状增加了1.7%;

以及1.2%对学习成绩的负面影响。即下文继续列举长时间看屏幕对其他犯罪行为的影响,

故E选项:研究人员发现,危险的性行为、驾驶行为、使用非法药物或饮食失调的情况没

有增加。符合题意,故选E。

【点评】本题要求在理解细节信息的基础上,着重考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。

4.任务型阅读

Help Migrant Workers

There is nothing like going home. More so if it is for the Spring Festival family reunion. For a

migrant worker it perhaps means even more. To be able to set out on a homeward journey with

money from a year's toil in his pocket is the best thing he can think of. ________ They had to

press hard for their defaulted payments, the salaries that were failed to pay up.

About 200 million migrant workers nationwide are something left behind by economic reforms

and opening up due to their contributions in the past three decades. It is almost impossible to

imagine life in these places without them. However, they still form a disadvantaged group. Their

rights are violated in different forms. Among other things, unpaid salaries are the most painful of

such violations that are likely to drive a migrant worker to desperate actions. ________

________They have taken measures to prevent employers from holding back payments to

them. Yet, as the financial crisis bites deep, some small enterprises that are struck the most try to

reduce their economic losses by laying off migrant workers or refusing to pay them. So it is

particularly important for governments at all levels to do an even better job in helping villager-

turned-workers recover their unpaid salaries before the Spring Festival.

It is good news that quite a number of local governments have organized special taskforces to

conduct inspections in those labor-intensive enterprises to make sure they have paid their

migrant workers in a timely and fair manner. Construction commissions in almost all provinces

have published hotlines for farmer-turned-construction workers to lodge complaints against their

employers for withholding their salaries. ________ But we need to look for solutions that will

work at all times. We need to put in place a mechanism that will effectively prevent employers

from holding back salaries to workers.

A. Some have reportedly climbed up chimneys to jump to their death unless they get their

defaulted salaries.

B. It is something every Chinese look forward to as the traditional gala draws near.

C. Unfortunately, weeks preceding the Spring Festival have turned out to be hard times for

migrant workers.

D. Hopefully, these efforts will send more workers on a happy journey home for the Spring

Festival with their salaries in their pockets.

E. However difficult the situations they are in, it is too cruel and unfair for employers to hold back

salaries they should pay their migrant workers.

F. Objectively speaking, governments at various levels have done a great deal in helping these

workers recover their defaulted salaries.

【答案】 C;A;F;D

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了帮助移民工人在春节前拿到薪水政府所采取

的一系列的措施。

(1)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“They had to press hard for their

defaulted payments, the salaries that were failed to pay up. ”可知由于没有拿到薪水,对于回

家过春节的移民工人来说,是很艰难的一段时间。故选C。

(2)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“unpaid salaries are the most painful

of such violations that are likely to drive a migrant worker to desperate actions.”可知下面要介绍

一些讨薪时工人做出的绝望行为。故选A。

(3)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“They have taken measures to prevent

employers from holding back payments to them.”可知这里讲的是政府正在采取措施帮助移民

工人们拿到薪水。故选F。

(4)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空格前采取的一系列措施得知,这些都

是帮助移民员工带着薪水回家过春节的努力。故选D。

【点评】本题要求在理解细节信息的基础上,着重考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。

5.请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单

词。每个空格只填一个单词。

A psychotherapist once taught me a little trick that helped me feel less angry at my partner and

less sad about the failings of our relationship.

She said,

somewhat from the adult, and you are likely to understand and forgive him.

It actually helped. I couldn't be as mad at or disappointed by a child as I could be with a grown

man. So, at least on some occasions, we were both spared the heartache of an uncomfortable

silence or a not-so-silent argument. And I sometimes still use versions of that trick whenever I

feel frustrated or angry in other relationships or personal exchanges.

But what if you could mentally change the form of the emotion itself? According to scientists at

the University of Texas, maybe you can.

Focusing specifically on sadness, the researchers asked two groups of study participants to

write about a time in their lives when they felt very sad. They then asked one group to imagine

sadness as a person, and write down a description of the person they imagined would be sadness.

Not surprisingly, the participants described sadness in such ways as an older person with gray hair

and sunken eyes or a young girl holding her head down as she slowly walked along.

The researchers asked the other group of participants to write down a description of sadness

with respect to its impact on their moods. When asked to rate their levels of sadness after

completing their descriptions, the participants who wrote about the emotion itself and how it

affects them reported higher levels of sadness than the group that anthropomorphized (人格

化)sadness into a specific type of person with familiar human characteristics. The researchers

suggest that by giving life to the emotion, participants can view sadness as something (or

someone) separate and somewhat distant from themselves, helping them relieve their negative

feelings.

While it's okay to feel sad, many people behave in unconscious and sometimes self-destructive

ways to distract or

study authors wanted to know whether or not the group that reported feeling less sad would

make smarter shopping decisions.

They tested this by asking participants in both groups to first choose between a salad or a

cheesecake dessert to go with the main dish they were having for lunch. The researchers also

asked participants to choose between a computer loaded with features for productivity or a

computer loaded with features for entertainment. Those study participants who had

anthropomorphized their emotions were more likely to choose the salad and the productive

computer than those who had simply written about their feelings.

For obvious reasons, then, they say this technique is best for reduce negative emotions.

A Little Trick to Help You Feel ________Sad

Passage outlines

The writer's experience

Supporting details

When he was angry with his partner, the writer was able to

improve his mood by ________ his partner as a little boy, which

is sometimes ________to both sides.

This trick can mentally change It is no ________that the study participants tend to

the form of people's emotion

picture sadness as an older person or an unhappy girl.

The participants who describe their emotion as a person

have a ________level of sadness than those who merely

describe their emotion itself.

This trick can When lost in negative emotions, people may lose

Participants who give ________to the emotion prefer salad

while those who don't choose food ________in sugar and

caloric.

________

This little trick can help people reduce negative feelings.

【答案】 71. Less;imagining;beneficial\/helpful;surprise;lower;

affect\/influence\/impact;control;life;rich\/high\/abundant;Conclusion

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了缓解悲伤情绪的方法——将悲伤的情绪具体

化,但要将悲伤的情绪与相应的人分割开。同时文章中还介绍了一些实验,要求实验对象

将自己悲伤的情绪想象成一个人,并赋予这个“人”以生命,从而达到减轻悲伤情绪的目

的。

(1)考查细节理解。根据第一段中的“a little trick that helped me feel less angry at my

partner and less sad about the failings of our relationship.”心理治疗师告诉了作者一个帮助自

________people's consumption ________of themselves and behave in self-destructive ways.

decisions

己对父母不那么生气以及对关系不那么难过的方法。文章第一段为主旨段,提取关键词

less。在做文章标题时应注意大写。故填Less。

(2)考查细节理解。根据第二段中的“Look at him and imagine him as a very little boy;”可知

应填imagine,但by为介词,后接动名词,故填imagining。

(3)考查推理判断。根据第三段中的“we were both spared the heartache of an

uncomfortable silence or a not-so-silent argument.” 可知。我们都可以免于一个不舒服沉默带

来的心痛或不那么沉默带来的争论。be spared of固定短语,“幸免于”,即对双方都有好处

或益处。故填beneficial\/helpful。

(4)考查细节理解。根据第五段中的“Not surprisingly, the participants described sadness in

such ways ”可知,毫无意外的是,参与者用那样的方式描述了悲伤。Not surprisingly=It is no

surprise that。故填surprise。

(5)考查推理判断“根据第六段中的”the participants who wrote about the emotion

itself ...reported higher level of sadness than ...“情绪本身的参与者有着更高层次的悲伤,因此

与之相对应的,将悲伤描述成一个人的,悲伤的层次较低。故填lower。

(6)考查推理判断。根据倒数第二段中的”Those study participants who had

anthropomorphized their emotions were more likely to choose the salad and the productive

computer than those who had simply written about their feelings.“接受了心理治疗的参与者更

有可能选择沙拉作为作为主菜,且会选择装有工具性软件的电脑,说明心理治疗会对参与

者造成影响,故填affect\/influence\/impact。

(7)考查细节理解。根据倒数第三段中的”While it's okay to feel sad, many people behave in

unconscious and...“可知。当沉浸在悲伤里时,很多人就会表现的无意识,即失去了对自己

的控制。故填control。

(8)考查推理判断。根据anthropomorphized一词,及第六段中的”The researchers suggest

that by giving life to the emotion, participants can view sadness as something (or someone)

separate and somewhat distant from themselves, helping them relieve their negative feelings.“通

过将情绪赋予生命,参与者可以将悲伤从别的事情中分离开来,帮助他们减少负面情绪。

故填life。

(9)考查细节理解。根据倒数第二段中的”choose between a salad or a cheesecake dessert

“可知,这些都是高甜、高热量的食物,故填rich\/high\/abundant。

(10)考查概括归纳。根据最后一段中的”For obvious reasons, then, they say this technique

is best for reduce negative emotions.“这样的方式是减低负面情绪最好的方法。最后一段是对

整篇文章的归纳总结,故填Conclusion。

【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解,推理判断和概括归纳三个题型的考查,是一篇生活类阅

读,考生需要准确理解细节信息,并根据上下文进行分析,推理,概括和归纳,从而写出

正确答案。

6.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。

Top 3 Self-Discipline Techniques

Self-discipline is the key to leading a healthier, happier and more successful life,________. We

have shared some self-discipline techniques below. Follow these self-discipline techniques to

start living a better life.

⑴Start small

The journey of a thousand miles starts with a single step as the proverb goes.________. Instead,

stamina (耐力) is built up by doing a little more than the previous day's target.

The same goes for discipline. Start by trying to carry out self-discipline techniques little by little

every day for big results. Increase your goals over time.

⑵________

Staying self-disciplined requires motivation. It can be hard to stay motivated if you feel like you

haven't made any progress so far. Tracking progress makes you aware of how much you've done

and encourages you to keep going.

⑶Exercise your willpower

________. Some days, sticking to the task is going to be difficult but by reminding yourself of

the end in mind and how much the goal means to you, you will be able to ignore temporary

temptations for long term gain.

The above-mentioned self-discipline techniques have been proven to be extremely effective.

________, and it is the key to living a happy and fulfilling life.

A. Build a support system

B. Measure your goals

C. Willpower and self-discipline go hand in hand

D. Self-discipline is a feature found in many successful people

E. Self-discipline is linked to effective time management

F. However, it is easier said than done

G. You don't train for a marathon by running 10 kilometers on the first day

【答案】 F;G;B;C;D

【解析】【分析】本文介绍三大自律的技巧。

A. Build a support system建立一个支持系统。

B. Measure your goals测评你的目标。

C. Willpower and self-discipline go hand in hand意志力和自律相辅相成。

D. Self-discipline is a feature found in many successful people自律是在很多成功人士身上都能

找到的特征。

E. Self-discipline is linked to effective time management自律和有效的时间管理有联系。

F. However, it is easier said than done然而说起来容易做起来难。

G. You don't train for a marathon by running 10 kilometers on the first day你不会在第一天跑

10公里来训练马拉松。

(1)根据上文提示自律是通向更健康、更快乐、更成功生活的关键。下文提示我们在下

面分享一些自律技巧。承接上下文,However, it is easier said than done切题,该项中的

However表示该句与上文构成转折关系,故选F。

(2)根据上文提示千里之行,始于足下。下文说相反耐力是通过比前一天的目标多做一点

来建立的。承接上下 文You don't train for a marathon by running 10 Kilometers on the first day

切题,下文中的Instead表示前后句是一 种转折关系,故选G。

(3)本题为标题选择。本段主要说保持自律需要动机,但是如果你很久没有取得进步你

就很难保持动力。追踪系统让你知道你做了多少,鼓励你坚持下去。此处的tracking

progress应该指的是对你目标的测评,故选B。

(4)根据本段小标题Exercise your willpower (锻炼你的意志力) ; 再根据下文提示有时候,

坚持完成任务是很困难的,但是通过提醒自己目标的意义和目标对你的意义,你就可以忽

略暂时的诱惑而获得长期的利益。可知C项Willpower and self-discipline go hand in hand.切

题,故选C。

(5)上文提示上述自律技巧已被证明是非常有效的。再根据下文提示这是快乐充实生活

的关键。承接上下文D项Self- discipline is a feature found in many succesful people. 切题,故

选D。

【点评】在做七选五时一定要注意and\/but\/so\/besides\/however\/furthermore\/moreover\/in

addition\/what's more等词汇、固定结构的运用 。它们连接了上下文,起着承上起下的作

用。像but(但是)、however (然而)表示转折,这说明前后的内容相反或相对 。同时还要注

意选项中代词的指代和小标题选择时是对段落的总结。

7.阅读下文并回答问题。

Confidence (自信) is very important in daily life. It can help you to develop a healthy attitude

(态度). A study shows that the people who are more confident are much happier. They can have

more chance to make themselves successful. When you are not confident you can't do well what

you want to do. But how to be more confident? Here are some suggestions:

Speak loud You speak in a voice so low that other people can hardly hear you. Try to speak

loud enough so that people can hear you clearly. The high voice can help you become more

confident.

Play sports Physical exercise makes you tired but completely relaxed. A strong body helps you

be full of confidence.

Encourage yourself Write down a list of things you did during the day to see how many things

you have done well. Did you finish your homework? Did you tell a joke that made everybody

laugh? Give yourself praise for the good things you've done.

Get rid of (消除) fear Fear comes along with failure (失败). But it's easy to overcome (克服) if

you know that failure is part of your life. Don't hide your head just because you said something

stupid last time. Try to start again and believe you can do better.

Pick up a hobby If you like singing, sing as much as you can. In some ways, a hobby can make

you outstanding. And it will make you happy and confident.

(1)Is confidence important in daily life?

(2)When you fail, what can you do to get rid of fear?

(3)Which of these suggestions would you like to choose to be more confident? Why?

【答案】 (1)Yes.

(2)I can try to start again and believe I can do better.

(3)选择一个建议回答即可。说明原由时要有依据。

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了几个如何让自己更自信的方法。

(1)考查细节理解。根据第一段中的“Confidence (自信) is very important in daily life.”可知

自信在日常生活中很重要,所以本题的答案为Yes。

(2)考查细节理解。根据第三段中的“Try to start again and believe you can do better.”可知

对于消除恐惧,作者给的方法是尝试重新开始并相信自己可以做得更好。所以本题答案为I

can try to start again and believe I can do better.

(3)考查推理判断。本题是开放性问题,选择一个建议回答即可。说明原由时要有依

据。

【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解和推理判断两个题型的考查,是一篇教育类阅读,考生需

要准确捕捉细节信息,并根据上下文进行逻辑推理,从而做出正确答案。

8.阅读理解

When was the last time you sat on a park bench(凳子)? Did you stay for long? A new kind of

park benches will limit the amount of time you can sit there. If you don't get up in time, it could

be very painful: there are many sharp spikes (钉子) on the part that you sit on!

Visitors who want a rest on the bench need to put a coin in a machine next to it. Once the

money was accepted, the spikes disappear into the bench. Then visitors can sit down comfortably,

but only for half an hour. When the time's up, the spikes slowly start moving up again. It doesn't

hurt at first, but after a minute, they start coming up even more quickly. They aren't long enough

to cause serious hurt, but they do cause pain, as tests have shown. But why have they been

installed (安装)?

all the thousands of people who visit the park, there aren't enough benches for everyone. We

want to make sure that the benches are shared by more visitors, and to stop people taking a

bench and staying there all day. Installing spikes seems to be the fairest way of stopping people

doing this.

(1)How is the new kind of park bench different from other benches?

(2)What is Paragraph 2 mainly about?

(3)Why are the new benches installed?

(4)The passage says,

this.

【答案】 (1)It can limit the amount of time people sit on it (with sharp spikes). \/ If you don't

get up from it in limited time, it could make you painful.\/ There are many sharp spikes on it to

limit the amount of time people sit on it.

(2)It's mainly about how the new kind of benches work.

(3)They're installed to solve the problem that some people take a bench too long and others

can't share it.

(4)Yes. If people are asked to pay for benches, they will not take it too long when they don't

really need it. Thus, every visitor will have the chance to share it. \/ No. Benches in parks should

be free to visitors. The park can build more benches to solve its problem instead of limiting the

time when visitors have a rest on benches.

【解析】【分析】这是一篇说明文,介绍了一种新型公园长椅,其不同之处在于它上面有

很多尖刺,用来限制人们坐在上面的时间。安装这种椅子的目的是为了让更多的人都能分

享到长椅。

(1)考查细节理解。根据第一段中的“If you don’t get up in time, it could be very painful:

there are many sharp spikes on the part that you sit on!”如果你没有及时起来,那将是非常痛

苦的:你所坐的部位有许多锋利的刺!可知新型公园长椅与其他长椅的不同之处在于如果你

不能在有限的时间内离开它,它可能会让你痛苦。故答案为:It can limit the amount of time

people sit on it (with sharp spikes). \/ If you don’t get up from it in limited time, it could make you

painful.\/There are many sharp spikes on it to limit the amount of time people sit on it.。

(2)考查段落大意。根据第二段中的“Visitors who want a rest on the bench need to put a

coin in a machine next to it. Once the money was accepted, the spikes disappear into the bench.

Then visitors can sit down comfortably, but only for half an hour. When the time’s up, the spikes

slowly start moving up again.”想要在长椅上休息的游客需要在旁边的机器里放一枚硬币。一

旦这笔钱被接受,钉子就会消失在板凳上。然后游客可以舒服地坐下来,但只能坐半个小

时。当时间到了,尖峰又开始慢慢地向上移动。可知第二段主要介绍了这种新型长椅是如

何工作的,故答案为It’s mainly about how the new kind of benches work.。

(3)考查细节理解。根据第三段中的“We want to make sure that the benches are shared by

more visitors, and to stop people taking a bench and staying there all day.”我们希望确保更多的

游客可以共享这些长椅,并阻止人们坐在长椅上一整天。可知安装它们是为了解决有些人

坐了太长时间的板凳,而有些人却无法分享的问题。故答案为:They’re installed to solve

the problem that some people take a bench too long and others can’t share it.。

(4)本题为开放性题目,言之有理即可。故答案为:Yes. If people are asked to pay for

benches, they will not take it too long when they don’t really need it. Thus, every visitor will have

the chance to share it. \/No. Benches in parks should be free to visitors. The park can build more

benches to solve its problem instead of limiting the time when visitors have a rest on benches.。

【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解,段落大意以及开放题型的考查,是一篇科研类阅读,要

求考生准确掌握细节信息,根据上下文的逻辑关系,进行推理,概括归纳,从而写出正确

答案。

9.阅读短文,并按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

When we were growing up in our grandparents' home, Jack, my grandfather, was always in his

room sitting in the chair and listening to the radio. The voices speaking from the metal box day

and night, taught us that there was a larger world outside. He would roll the black dial (刻度盘)

back and forth until the signal was clear. Then he would listen.

Now he is old and falls ill. When I went to visit him, he said to me,

problem is that we're losing primary contact with each other. No more shaking hands. Everyone is

so busy. We want too much and in the process of getting it we miss so much.

while.

I think of all the voices on the radio he has spent a lifetime listening to. I asked,

become interested in radio?

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