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盘锦市高考英语一模试卷分类汇编任务型阅读

一、高中英语任务型阅读

1.请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单

词。

There's a contradiction in the way many of us behave online: we know we're being watched all

the time, and disapprove of the monitor by Google and the government. But the bounds of

what's considered too personal to be uploaded or shared online seems to shrink by the day.

I complain about the lack of privacy, for example, and yet I willingly and routinely trade it for

convenience. I no longer run the risk of unforeseen delays on public transport; Google Maps will

inform me of the fastest route to my destination; I no longer need to remember my friends'

birthdays; Facebook will urge me, and invariably appeal to me to post an update to remind

people I exist. All I have to do is make my location, habits and beliefs transparent to their parent

companies whenever they choose to check in on me.

So what's going on? “Visibility is a trap,” explained the French philosopher Michel Foucault in

Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison(1975). Allowing oneself to be watched, and learning

to watch others, is both attractive and dangerous. He took for example “Panopticon”, a prison

where prisoners were observed from a tower manned by an invisible occupant. The prisoners

would believe in the presence of the mysterious watchman, whether or not anyone was actually

inside, and behave themselves.

According to Foucault, the dynamics of the Panopticon are similar to how generally people self-

monitor in society. In the presence of ever-watching witness, people police themselves. They

don't know what the observers are looking for, or what the punishments are for disobedience (不

顺从). But they willingly accept and follow this invisible discipline.

Foucault claimed that such monitoring is worrisome, not just because of what companies and

states might do with our data, but because the act of watching is itself a terrible exercise of

power, which may influence behavior without our fully realizing it.

But something's not right here. Why does the self-display continue when we are sure that we

are watched from everywhere and nowhere?

Social media provides a public space that often operates more like a private one, where many

people hold the belief that there they won't suffer the consequences of what they say online, as

if protected by technology.

Plato would be alarmed by the lack of shame online. His point about moral knowledge is this:

we already know the right way to live a just and fulfilling life, but are constantly distracted(转移)

from that noble aim. For him, then, shame helps us be true to ourselves and to pay attention to

the moral knowledge within. A man without shame, Plato says, is a slave to desire — for material

goods, power, fame, respect. Such desire, by its nature, cannot be satisfied.

Phenomenon

My experience

While people hate being monitored, the ________ of privacy is gradually

becoming a more serious problem.

I complain about the lack of privacy but still exchange it for convenience.

convenience

* I ________ on Google maps for the fastest route to

avoid delays on public transport.

* Facebook will remind me of my friends' birthdays, and

appeal to me to be updated.

cost

I must make my ________ information available to

relevant companies.

Michel Foucault's Idea: Visibility is a trap.

explanations

An analogy:

* In the Panopticon, prisoners behave themselves just because they

believed they were watched by an ________ watchman.

* In real life, the way people self-monitor ________ the dynamics of the

Panopticon. They willingly follow the invisible discipline.

Worries: Our data may be ________ and monitoring may influence us to

change our behavior ________.

Reasons

contraction

Conclusion

for Though being watched, self-display continues because some netizens

think that they don't need to take ________ for what they say online.

*Shame is essential in leading a just and fulfilling life.

*Shame helps us stay true to ourselves and focus on our ________.

*Shame can ________ us being a slave to desires for fame and fortune.

【答案】 invasion \/violation \/leak \/lack

;depend \/rely \/count

;private \/personal

;invisible

;resembles

;abused\/ misused

;unconsciously

;responsibility

;morality \/moral(s)

;prevent\/stop

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇议论文,我们所有网上的行为都被监视,虽然网络给我们带

来了便利,但隐私的泄露却给我带来了很大的影响。很多人尽管知道自己的行为被监视,

却仍然在网上我行我素,认为自己的行为不会带来严重的后果,文章认为这主要是因为缺

少羞耻心。

(1)考查同义转换。根据第一段中的“There's a contradiction in the way many of us behave

online: we know we're being watched all the time, and disapprove of the monitor by Google and

the government.”可知当我们上网的时候,我们的行为都收到了监视。我们的隐私被泄露

了,而且这已经成为一个有利于严重的问题。所以本句要填名词invasion \/violation \/leak

\/lack。

(2)考查同义转换。根据第二段中的“Google Maps will inform me of the fastest route to my

destination”可知我依靠Google地图可以寻找到最快的路线。所以句中要填depend \/rely

\/count。

(3)考查同义转换。根据第二段中的“All I have to do is make my location, habits and beliefs

transparent to their parent companies whenever they choose to check in on me.”可知如果我想

得到便利,必须要把我的私人信息上传到相关的网站上。所以句中要填private \/personal。

(4)考查原词再现。根据第三段中的“He took for example “Panopticon”, a prison where

prisoners were observed from a tower manned by an invisible occupant.”可知这所监狱里的囚

犯行为得体主要是因为他们一直认为有他们看不见的人在监视着他们,句中出现了原词

“invisible”,所以句中要填invisible。

(5)考查同义转换。根据第四段中的“According to Foucault, the dynamics of the Panopticon

are similar to how generally people self-monitor in society.”可知现实生活里的人和监狱里的人

一样,他们都认为有看不见的人在监视着他们,所以他们的举止得体。句中使用动词

resemble与原句中be similar to语义一致,句中主语是单数名词the way,所以要填

resembles。

(6)考查句意理解。根据第五段“…not just because of what companies and states might do

with our data…”可知我们的隐私可能会被有关公司滥用,而我们自己却一点也不清楚。所

以句中要填abused\/ misused。

(7)考查同义转换。根据第五段最后“which may influence behavior without our fully

realizing it.”可知这是在我们没有完全意识到的情况下对我们的行为会有影响。句中使用副

词unconsciously替换介词短语“without our fully realizing it”,所以要填unconsciously。

(8)考查句意理解。根据倒数第二段中的“where many people hold the belief that there

they won't suffer the consequences of what they say online, as if protected by technology.”可知

虽然很多人知道网络行为被监视,但他们仍然认为自己不会承担不好的结果。所以句中要

填responsibility。

(9)考查句意理解。根据倒数第三句“For him, then, shame helps us be true to ourselves and

to pay attention to the moral knowledge within.”可知羞耻感会让人们保持真实性,并关注内

心的道德。句中要填名词承担focus on的宾语,所以要填morality \/moral(s)。

(10)考查句意理解。根据倒数第二句“A man without shame, Plato says, is a slave to desire

— for material goods, power, fame, respect.”可知柏拉图认为没有羞耻感的人会成为欲望的奴

隶。说明羞耻感可以阻止人们被欲望奴役。所以句中要填prevent\/stop。

【点评】本题考点涉及同义转换,原词再现和句意理解等题型的考查,要求考生准确掌握

所给材料内容,结合相关的词汇知识和词汇知识,写出正确的答案。

2.任务型阅读

Perhaps at one point in time, it was acceptable to start any letter or e-mail with “To Whom It

May Concern.”________ Starting your cover letter or e-mail for a job this way might give off the

impression that you didn't do your research on who you're writing to________After all, people

who address other people by their names when writing and speaking to them tend to be more

pleasant.

________It can be used in letters of recommendation or reference, formal complaints(抱

怨)made to a company, letters of introduction, and letters of interest.

Grammarly uses the example of needing to write a letter of recommendation, for a colleague

who will have to make several copies to distribute to interviewers________“In most cases,

though, try to narrow your focus rather than cast a broad net,” notes Grammarly.”Ask yourself.

Who does this e-mail concern? If you can honestly answer 'Anyone, 'then feel free to use “To

Whom It May Concern.” (These are the things you should never say in your cover letter.)

If you do happen to find that using “To Whom It May Concern” is appropriate, don't make

grammar mistakes, for example, letters or punctuation.________

A. However, it maybe interesting.

B. Those times have changed, though.

C. Making mistakes in writing will surely get you low scores.

D. It's also very impersonal, which some employers might not appreciate.

E. In that circumstance, sending and receiving letters is more of a formal greeting.

F. You might want to take note of other common errors you might be committing, too.

G. But according to Grammarly, there are four times when it's OK to use this greeting.

【答案】B;D;G;E;F

【解析】【分析】本文为应用文。现在写求职信与过去不同了。不写具体称呼会让收信的

人不舒服的,通用称呼只有几种场合才能用。如果要用这种的话,也要注意别犯一些常见

的语法错误。

(1)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。本句主要根据时态来判断。空前是一般过去

时,讲的是写信用通用称呼,而不是具体称呼在过去是可接受的。空后是一般现在时,现

在最好要称呼具体,否则会让人不喜欢。由此可推断出空前后是今昔对比,有所不同的。

分析选项可知,B项(Those times have changed, though. 然而,那些时代已经改变了)。可

知符合题意。过去的那种现象已不适合现在了,会留下不好的印象。故答案选B。

(2)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。 根据空前的内容:用这样的方式(没写收信

人的名字)写求职信或电子邮件可能会给你留下一个印象,那就是你没有对你要写的东西

做任何研究。空后:毕竟写信称呼他们的名字可能会更令人高兴。由此可推断出如果没写

收信人的名字,可能会让人不喜欢。分析选项D项(这也是非常客观的,有些老板可能不

欣赏)放入句中“如果写求职信时不写称呼可能会让人不喜欢。毕竟有称呼才会让人高

兴”,句意是通顺的。故答案选D。

(3)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。根据本段的内容:它可以用在推荐信或证明

信、对公司提出的正式投诉、介绍信和感兴趣的信件中。可知它用于四种场合。分析选项

可知,G项( But according to Grammarly, there are four times when it's OK to use this

greeting)但是根据Grammarly的说法,使用这个问候语有四次,可知本句中正好是可用于

四种场合,且选项G项与本段有意思及词(use)的复现。因此符合题意,故答案选G。

(4)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。空前:对于一个必须复制几份推荐信发给不同

的面试官的同事为例。由此可知写的求职信,要用正式用语。分析选项,可知E项( In

that circumstance, sending and receiving letters is more of a formal greeting.)在这种情况下,

发送和接收信件更多的是正式的问候语,符合题意,放入文中符合题意,故答案选E。

(5)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。 根据空前的内容don't make grammar mistakes,

for example, letters or punctuation. 不要犯语法错误,例如字母或标点符号,这是常见的错

误。分析选项,可知 F项( 你可能会留意这些常见错误)与之有句意的重叠。放入句中,

检验可知,文中之意是在写信时,不要犯一些常见的语法错误,如拼写和标点符号,也许

你正在犯的错误。通过检验,推断出F项符合题意,故答案选F。

【点评】七选五解题步骤如下:

步骤一:快速浏览一遍七个备选答案,先确定哪个选项适合放在文章的什么位置。步骤

二:快速浏览文章,确定文章体裁,抓住文章结构。步骤三:分析篇章结构,找出各段的

主题句或主旨大意。步骤四:注意各选项中出现的句子衔接手段,寻找句中衔接标志词。

步骤五:区分相似项;步骤六:用代入法,检查答案是否合理。

3.任务型阅读

Difficult financial times don't mean your giving shuts down.________ There are so many ways

to give back that won't hurt your wallet and will enrich your life.

⒈Pick up the phone

Calling someone “for no reason” is an important opportunity to show them that you are

thinking of them. You are taking time out of your busy day to reach out. Everyone needs someone

to just listen sometimes. They may be filled with joy or sadness________

⒉Write a note

________ It is one thing to say it, but it can be even more meaningful to put it in writing. What

if you made a commitment to write a thank-you note to someone every week?

⒊ ________

You never know what someone might be going through a painful divorce, a tough college

semester, or just a bad day. Opening up your home will make someone feel appreciated. In

addition, it costs less than going out. The leftovers from this dinner can be packaged up for

homeless people. That's double giving!

⒋Set aside money from a daily routine to donate

Giving doesn't have to mean a life full of sacrifices. You can still buy a burger or get your nails

done________Donate the money you saves: Even $ 5 can make a difference in someone's life.

A. Give a gift to the stomach.

B. Invite someone over for dinner.

C. To take your awareness to a new level, move beyond money.

D. But instead of buying much coffee every week, you can drink less.

E. While some people enjoy receiving gifts, all of us appreciate a kind word.

F. Instead, they allow you to examine how your time and money are spent.

G. Be there to celebrate their good news, or support them with sympathy.

【答案】F;G;E;B;D

【解析】【分析】本篇是说明文。主要建议人们学会给予和付出。

A. Give a gift to the stomach. 给胃一个礼物。

B. Invite someone over for dinner. 邀请一些人吃饭。

C. To take your awareness to a new level, move beyond money. 把你的意识提到提高度,超越

金钱。

D. But instead of buying much coffee every week, you can drink less. 但是代替每周买一些咖

啡,你可以喝得更少。

E. While some people enjoy receiving gifts, all of us appreciate a kind word. 但一些人享受收到

礼物的时候,我们全都得到感激。

F. Instead, they allow you to examine how your time and money are spent. 反而,他们允许你考

查你的钱和时间是怎么花费的。

G. Be there to celebrate their good news, or support them with sympathy. 在那里祝贺他们的好

消息,或者给予他们同情和支持。

(1)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。上句说经济困难不意味停止付出,与F句花钱

吻合,且they与times一致。故答案F。

(2)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。上句提到快乐和忧伤,对应G中好消息和同

情。故答案G。

(3)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。小标题就是写几句话,下文提到感谢信,可推

内容是好话,良言一句三冬暖,谁不感激?故答案E。

(4)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。下文提到敞开家门和剩饭菜,正对应B中请

客吃饭。故答案B。

(5)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。下文提到节约捐赠,不每周买咖啡就是节约。

故答案D。

【点评】七选五解题技巧:1.理清文章的逻辑和结构,2.在所给的原文中找出关键词或者说

是线索词。文章的整体思路能帮助你在答案中筛选出符合逻辑的选项,关键词则能帮助你

确定更多的细节,排除相近的选项。

4.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余

选项。

Parents often say that they don't mind what their children do in life just as long as they are

happy. Happiness and pleasure are almost universally seen as among the most precious human

goods.________Philosopher Jeremy Bentham believed that all sources of pleasure are of equal

quality, but John Stuart Mill disagreed. Mill argued for a difference between higher and lower

pleasure.________Lower pleasure, in contrast, requires mere (仅仅的;纯粹的) senses.

The entire debate assumes a clear divide between the physical and the mental.________What

will it mean for our ideas about pleasure?

________Food is usually considered to be the lower pleasure. All animals eat, using the senses

of smell and taste. It doesn't require any complex cognition (认知) to conclude that something is

delicious. However, these people failed to appreciate something that the French food writer Jean

Anthelme Brillat-Savarin captured. That is, 才

智) knows how to eat.

Eating shows that the difference between higher pleasure and lower pleasure is not what you

enjoy but how you enjoy it.________Preparing it using the powers of reflection and attention

turns it into a higher pleasure.

A. The dining table is a good place to start.

B. Wolfing down your food is a lower kind of pleasure.

C. What's the real difference between high and low pleasure?

D. What happens if the physical and the mental cannot be separated?

E. All philosophers believed that cookery could never be a form of art.

F. Higher pleasure depends on human abilities such as self-awareness or language use.

G. However, disagreements will be caused about whether some forms of pleasure are better than

others.

【答案】 G;F;D;A;B

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,幸福和快乐几乎被普遍认为是人类最宝贵的财富之

一。然而,关于某些形式的快乐是否比其他形式的好,会产生分歧。John Stuart Mill认为

快乐的高低是有区别的。且以就餐为例,指出吃表明高快乐和低快乐的区别不是你喜欢什

么,而是你如何享受它。狼吞虎咽是一种低级乐趣,但是用心准备它就能将低级乐趣转变

为高级乐趣。

(1)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“Philosopher Jeremy Bentham

believed that all sources of pleasure are of equal quality, but John Stuart Mill disagreed.”可知

Jeremy Bentham认为所有快乐的来源都是平等的,但是John Stuart Mill不同意。可知关于

某些形式的快乐是否比其他形式的好,存在分歧。故选G。

(2)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“Mill argued for a difference between

higher and lower pleasure.”密尔认为快乐的高低是有区别的。与下文提到了lower pleasure,

即可知本句应是说明了higher pleasure。故F. Higher pleasure depends on human abilities

such as self-awareness or language use.“更高的快乐取决于人类的能力,如自我意识或语言使

用”。惩戒上下文符合语境,故选F。

(3)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“The entire debate assumes a clear

divide between the physical and the mental.”整个辩论在生理和心理上有明显的分歧。其中

physical and the mental可对应到D选项中the physical and the mental,意思为:如果身体和

精神不能分开会发生什么?故选D。

(4)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“Food is usually considered to be the

lower pleasure.”可知提到了food,故A. The dining table is a good place to start.“餐桌就是一个

分歧很明显的地方。”符合语境,故选A。

(5)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“Preparing it using the powers of

reflection and attention turns it into a higher pleasure.”用反思和专注的力量来准备它,会把它

变成一种更高的乐趣。根据上文可知:狼吞虎咽是一种低级趣味。故选B。

【点评】本题要求在理解细节信息的基础上,着重考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。

5.请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单

词。

注意:每个空格只填1个单词。

In an ideal world, we usually get eight hours of sleep every night, and wake up with enough

energy before work. But when we're struggling to balance the responsibilities of everyday life,

cutting back on sleep seems to be the only solution. Many of us rely on coffee or energy drinks to

get us through the day, instead of making sleep a priority. Sadly, as delicious as it can be, caffeine

is not the solution. Being tired not only brings down our energy levels, but also makes us less

productive and less motivated. There are concrete steps you can take right now to renew your

energy.

Awareness comes first because you have to understand what's going on before you can do

anything to change it. Most of us are too busy to notice how fatigue(疲劳) really affects our

bodies and minds. What signs of trouble do you regularly display? The patterns of your signs of

trouble can give you clues about the negative effects of your fatigue. In addition, it's wise to start

thinking about whoever can feel the effects of your fatigue.

Reflecting on the choices you've made can provide clarity, which will help you figure out what

needs to be changed. During this reflection, you will be able to understand more about yourself

and why you do the things you do. You may decide to forgive yourself for the mistakes you've

made. Thinking about the positive aspects of your life will make you feel refreshed and ready to

move forward.

Conversing with others not only provides support, but also leads to new perspectives and

feedback that can help with treatment and what you need to heal. To start with, have an open

mind and an open heart. Limit complaining. Complaints may need to be aired in order to relieve

pressure, but if they dominate(占上风), anger will win. Tell the truth. You do not need to tell

people everything, but you do need to be honest. Listen carefully because it shows respect.

The fourth step is about renewal—getting rid of what is bringing you down and making a fresh

start. It's helpful to break the process down. It is easier to make small adjustments than big ones.

On occasion, the small steps alone can remove fatigue. For instance, you may not need to change

your career but change emphasis. If you feel hopelessly dragged down by fatigue, self-care may

be the best prescription.

Four steps to fight fatigue

Phenomenon

Steps to

energy

Many people rely on coffee or energy drinks to overcome fatigue.

________

● Identify the signs of ________ you display regularly, which

can give you information about the bad effects of your fatigue.

● Think about the people who can sense your fatigue.

Reflection

● Find out the things that need ________by thinking carefully

about the choices you've made.

● Think ________, and you will feel refreshed and be ready to

move forward.

________

● Be open to others but don't ________too much.

● There is no need to tell others everything but you do need to

show ________ by telling the truth.

renewing your

● Show respect for others by________carefully.

Plan-and-act

●________ yourself of what brings you down and start afresh.

● Make small________or adopt a self-care attitude.

【答案】 Awareness;trouble;changing;positively;Conversation;complain;honesty;

listening;Rid;adjustments\/changes

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,作者对于如何恢复精力,给出了一些建议和方法。

(1)考查信息提升,根据第二段中的“Awareness comes first because you have to understand

what's going on before you can do anything to change it.”意识是第一位的,因为在你做任何事

情去改变它之前,你必须先了解发生了什么。这一部分主要讲了意识,所以填

Awareness。

(2)考查细节理解。根据第二段中的“What signs of trouble do you regularly display?”可知

这里填trouble。

(3)考查细心提升。根据第三段中的“Reflecting on the choices you've made can provide

clarity, which will help you figure out what needs to be changed.”可知这里意思是仔细思考你所

做的选择,找出需要改变的地方。need doing需要做某事,该用法是固定用法,所以填

changing。

(4)考查细节理解。根据第三段中的“Thinking about the positive aspects of your life will

make you feel refreshed and ready to move forward. ”可知这里意思是积极地思考,你会感到

精神焕发,准备好继续前进。该空修饰动词Think,用副词,所以填positively。

(5)考查信息提升。根据第四段中的“Conversing with others not only provides support, but

also leads to new perspectives and feedback that can help with treatment and what you need to

heal.”结合表格中的内容,可知这一部分主要讲了谈话,所以填Conversation。

(6)考查信息提升。根据第四段“Limit complaining. Complaints may need to be aired in

order to relieve pressure, but if they dominate(占上风), anger will win.”可知这里意思是向他人

敞开心扉,但不要抱怨太多。助动词don't后,接动词原形,所以填complain。

(7)考查细节理解。根据第四段中的“Tell the truth. You do not need to tell people

everything, but you do need to be honest.”可知这里意思是没有必要把一切都告诉别人,但是

你需要通过讲真话来表现出诚实。作动词show的宾语,用名词,所以填honesty。

(8)考查细节理解。根据第四段中的“Listen carefully because it shows respect.”可知这里意

思是认真倾听,尊重他人。介词by之后,接v+ing形式,所以填listening。

(9)考查信息提升。根据最后一段中的“The fourth step is about renewal—getting rid of

what is bringing you down and making a fresh start.”可知这里意思是摆脱让你沮丧的事情,重

新开始。祈使句用动词原形,所以填Rid。

(10)考查推理判断。根据最后一段中的“It is easier to make small adjustments than big ones.

可知这里意思是做一些小的调整或采取自我照顾的态度。作Make的宾语,用名词,所以

填adjustments\/changes。

【点评】本题考点涉及信息提升,细节理解和推理判断三个题型的考查,要求考生准确掌

握所给材料,结合相关的语法知识和词汇知识,从而做出正确答案。

6.Read the passage carefully. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each

sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

If you shower before bed, you've probably wondered whether sleeping with damp hair is a

problem. Maybe you've heard it could make you sick, or that it can damage your hair or skin.

What's the truth? Let's address the can make you sickmyth first. says Dr.

William Schaffner, a professor of medicine. While this idea persists, Schaffner says it was long ago

disproved. It's true that you're much more likely to catch a common cold during the winter

months. But this has to do with the ways respiratory (呼吸的) viruses spread, he says.

________ Illness-causing bacteria and viruses don't appear naturally, and so you're not going to

make yourself ill by getting your pillow a little damp at night, Schaffner says. But there is a

possible exception. Some research has shown that pillows—especially those made with synthetic

materials—can contain asthma- or allergy-triggering molds (哮喘或致敏菌) and fungus, which

tend to do well in damp environments, and so do dust mites, says Dr. Payel Gupta, a

spokesperson for the American Lung Association.

Gupta says there's no evidence that people who sleep with wet hair experience more allergy or

asthma symptoms. ________ But if you wake up with a stuffy nose, itchy or watery eyes,

breathing problems or other allergy or asthma symptoms—or even if you don't—you should

wash your pillow cases and sheets in hot water at least once a week to reduce your exposure to

any potential irritants (刺激物).

When it comes to the health of your hair and skin, there may be a few other reasons to worry

about wet hair. it's thought not to be good for hair to sleep with it wet,says Dr.

George Cotsarelis, a professor of dermatology (皮肤病学),

It's also worth noting that almost anything you do to your hair—from brushing and blow-drying

it to coloring it or exposing it to the sun—can damage it.

A. Hence, any concerns about wet hair are theoretical.

B. In some cases, wet hair may actually be a helpful sleep aid.

C. Over time, it can lead to breakages, as well as a loss of shine.

D. There may be some mild risks associated with going to bed with wet hair.

E. Another wet-hair rumor (谣传) is the idea that harmful bacteria will colonize your pillow.

F. This idea seems to fit into the old bit of custom that getting yourself chilled and wet will cause

you to come down with a cold.

【答案】 F;E;A;C

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍人们普遍认为湿着头发睡觉不利于健康,但是

毫无科学依据,但湿头发睡觉对头发有不利影响。

(1)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“While this idea persists, Schaffner

says it was long ago disproved.”可知,尽管这个观点仍然存在,但是很久之前就被证明是错

误的, F. This idea seems to fit into the old bit of custom that getting yourself chilled and

wet will cause you to come down with a cold. “这个观点似乎和旧的观念相融合,这一观念

认为感受到冷和湿润很可能会感冒”,承接下文,切题,故选F。

(2)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“Illness-causing bacteria and viruses

don't appear naturally, and so you're not going to make yourself ill by getting your pillow a little

damp at night, Schaffner says.”可知,致病病菌不会自然出现,因此,不用因为打湿了一点枕

头就觉得会感冒,E. Another wet-hair rumor (谣传) is the idea that harmful bacteria will

colonize your pillow. “关于湿头发的谣言就是细菌会占满你的枕头”,后文对这个观点进行

了反驳,切题,故选E。

(3)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“Gupta says there's no evidence that

people who sleep with wet hair experience more allergy or asthma symptoms”可知,没有证据

表明因为湿头发睡觉更有可能过敏或者风湿症状, A. Hence, any concerns about wet hair

are theoretical. “因此,任何关于湿头发的担忧都是理论上的”,没有实际意义,开启下

文,切题,故选A。

(4)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“Generally, it's thought not to be good

for hair to sleep with it wet”可知,一般说来,湿头发睡觉对头发不好, C. Over time, it can

lead to breakages, as well as a loss of shine. “长时间这样的话,头发容易断,无光泽”,

承接上文,切题,故选C。

【点评】本题要求在理解细节信息的基础上,着重考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。

7.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余

选项。

When big news breaks, it's easy to get caught up in following the story online. The Internet can

be a place to find useful information. ________ Helping kids understand the news and how to

separate fact from fiction is an important job for parents and educators.

Here's some advice that parents can offer kids to help them be quicker to judge as they

consume news online.

________ In the rush to cover stories, reporters make mistakes, officials don't always have

correct information and tidbits (八卦新闻) that sound reasonable often get passed around before

anyone has checked them for accuracy.

Use social media wisely. Some say Twitter is a great source of news in the first few minutes of a

tragedy. ________ On the other hand, Facebook can be a great way to connect with friends

affected by events in the news and to spread personal news within a more limited circle.

Be skeptical. ________ After the Boston Marathon bombing, NBC Sports reported that some

runners kept running all the way to the hospital to donate blood for the victims. Not true. There

are plenty of websites devoted to exposing false news stories. The Washington Post also has a

Fact Checker column that delivers claims made by public officials and politicians. Visit them to

find out if a story is true.

Keep it age-appropriate. Kids aren't always ready to digest big, tragic news - especially if the

news is about kids, such as school shootings or abuses. The constant repetition of information

can be confusing for younger kids, and at the beginning of a news event, parents might not be

able to offer any correct answers. ________

A. Remember, breaking news is often wrong.

B. It also can be the source of misinformation.

C. If something sounds too good to be true, it probably is.

D. Make sure you and your kids aren't falling victim to false news.

E. However, after that it just becomes messy and largely inaccurate.

F. With social media at your fingertips, it's convenient to express your opinion.

G. Kids who are eager to learn more about certain events can check kid-guided news sources.

【答案】 B;A;E;C;G

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文。文章介绍了一些父母可以提供给孩子的建议,这些

帮助他们在网上阅读新闻时更快地做出判断。

(1)上文提示“互联网是一个可以找到有用信息的地方。”承接上文,B项It also can be the

source of misinformation.(它也可能是错误信息的来源。)切题。此处also将上下文连接

在一起。故选B。

(2)下文提示“在匆忙报道新闻的过程中,记者会犯错误,官员们并不总是掌握正确的信

息,而那些听起来合情合理的小道消息往往会在任何人检查其准确性之前就被传开。”承接

下文,A项Remember, breaking news is often wrong.(记住,突发新闻往往是错误的。)切

题。故选A。

(3)上文提示“有人说,在悲剧发生的头几分钟里,Twitter是一个很好的新闻来源。”承

接上文,E.However, after that it just becomes messy and largely inaccurate.(然而,在那之

后,它就变得混乱,而且在很大程度上是不准确的。)切题。该项中的However表示一种

转折关系,将上下文仅仅联系在一起。故选E。

(4)根据本段小标题“务必持怀疑态度”。再根据下文提示“波士顿马拉松爆炸案发生后,

NBC体育报道称,一些跑步者一直跑到医院为受害者献血。不是真的。”承接标题和下文,

C项If something sounds too good to be true, it probably is.(如果某件事听起来好得令人难以

置信,那么它很可能不是真的。)切题。故选C。

(5)上文提示“不断重复的信息可能会让年幼的孩子感到困惑,而且在新闻活动开始时,

父母可能无法提供任何正确的答案。”承接上文,G项Kids who are eager to learn more

about certain events can check kid-guided news sources.(想要更多地了解某些事件的孩子可

以查看儿童指导的新闻来源。)切题。故选G。

【点评】阅读理解七选五解题步骤

1)分析选项,串联主题:了解文章的主题、大意,会让解题的方向更明确。 2)研究空格

前后,对比选项,选择答案。 3)复读短文,核对答案:为了保证答案的正确性,一定要

把答案代入原文,进行核对检查。

8.阅读短文,并按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

Yellow Robot deliver snacks to your home

A robot makes its way back to a supermarket after making a delivery during a demonstration in

Beijing.

Along a street on the outer edges of Beijing, a yellow and black cube about the size of a small

washing machine moves leisurely to its destination. This “little yellow horse” is a delivery robot,

transporting daily essentials like drinks, fruit and snacks from the local store to the residents.

Equipped with GPS system, cameras and radar, the robot is seen by its creator as the future of

logistics(物流) in China.

“The weak point is that it can't deliver directly to the door like a human.” said one customer,

who does not live on the ground floor. “But it is still quite practical. The robot delivers relatively

quickly.”

The robot takes off for Chinese customers' love of cashless payments and smartphone

shopping. China is the world's biggest online shopping market with more than half of its

population making at least one smartphone purchase per month, according to professional

services firm PricewaterhouseCoopers. Whether buying electronics, toilet paper or clothes,

Chinese customers are used to simply tapping a button on their smartphone and getting a home

delivery.

To get a delivery via the “little yellow horse”, customers select the desired products, tap in the

address and pay via their phone. Then, the supermarket staff place the items in the robot.

Liu Zhiyong, founder and CEO of Zhen Robotics, which manufactures the robot, sees a bright

future for his creation. “At the moment, there are 100 million packages delivered every day in

China. It will be one billion in the future,” Liu said. “ There will not be enough humans to make

the deliveries. We need more and more robots to fill this gap and reduce costs.” These costs are

especially high in the last kilometer of a delivery.

(1)What is the yellow robot equipped with? (no more than 8 words)

(2)What is the weak point of the yellow robot? (no more than 12 words)

(3)Why is the robot popular with Chinese people? (no more than 12 words)

(4)What does the underlined word “manufactures” mean in the passage? (no more than 1

words)

(5)What do you think of the invention of the yellow robot? Why? (no more than 20words)

【答案】 (1)GPS system, cameras and radar.

(2)It can't deliver directly to the door like a human.

(3)Because of Chinese customers' love of cashless payments and smartphone

shopping.\/Because Chinese customers love cashless payments and smartphone shopping.

(4)Invents; Creates; Produces;(形式不对减一分)

(5)It is very helpful. Because the robot can replace humans to make the delivers and the robot

can reduce costs.

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了黄色的快递机器人以及它的市场前景。

(1)考查信息提升能力。根据第二段中的“Equipped with GPS system, cameras and radar,

the robot is seen by its creator as the future of logistics(物流) in China.”可知黄色的机器人装备

有GPS系统,摄像头和雷达,所以填GPS system, cameras and radar。

(2)考查信息提升能力。根据第三段中的“‘The weak point is that it can't deliver directly to

the door like a human.’said one customer, who does not live on the ground floor.”可知黄色机器

人的缺点是它不能像人一样直接送货上门,所以填It can't deliver directly to the door like a

human。

(3)考查信息提升能力。根据第四段中的“The robot takes off for Chinese customers' love of

cashless payments and smartphone shopping.”可知机器人在中国很受欢迎是因为中国消费者

喜欢无现金支付和智能手机购物,所以填Because of Chinese customers' love of cashless

payments and smartphone shopping.\/Because Chinese customers love cashless payments and

smartphone shopping。

(4)考查信息提升能力。上文“Liu Zhiyong, founder and CEO of Zhen Robotics”甄机器人创始

人兼CEO刘志勇,由此推断出下文which manufactures the robot, sees a bright future for his

creation.的意思是他制造了这款机器人,看到了他的创造的光明前景。manufacture意思是

发明创造,这里含有一个定语从句,Liu Zhiyong是先行词,关系词替代先行词,定语从句

中,主语是第三人称单数,谓语动词需要用单数,所以填Invents; Creates; Produces。

(5)考查信息提升能力。题干询问你觉得黄色机器人的发明怎么样?为什么?同学们根据

自己的想法,自由作答。

【点评】本题涉及考查信息提升能力,要求考生准确掌握所给材料,根据上下文的逻辑关

系,结合相关的语法知识和词汇知识,做出正确答案。

9.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余

选项。

Find a quiet location. Keep a routine. Focus on one subject at a time. It all seems like sound

advice for students who need to hit the books, ________ . Here's a list of tips from Carey, a

scientist, for getting the most out of your study time.

________.

Doing practice quizzes can help you retrieve(检索)information on test day. “Tests have a

very bad reputation as a measurement tool,” Carey says. But psychologists have found self-tests

slow down the forgetting of material you've studied. “If you study something once, and then you

test yourself on it,” Carey says, “you do better than if you study it twice over.”

Move around

________ . “If you move around and study the same material in several places,” he says, “you

may be forming multiple associations for the same material. So it's better anchored in your brain,

and you can pull it out easier.”

Mix it up

Think about a football who does strength training, speed training and drills. Carey says

alternating between different facets facts of a subject in a single sitting can “leave a deeper

impression on the brain”. For example, when studying French, do some verbs, some speaking and

some reading. ________ .

Space it out

Information learned in a hurry is lost just as fast. So if you really want to learn, space out

shorter, hour-long study sessions. “There's no doubt that you can cram for(突击备考)an

exam.” Carey says, “________ . And once it's gone, “it's gone. You're not getting it back.”

A. Test yourself

B. Study it and practice more

C. and it turns out that some of them are in great help

D. but recent studies indicate the conventional wisdom is wrong

E. The problem is that it's so easy to forget what you just crammed

F. Changing up where you study can help you keep more information

G. Spending your time in deep concentration on just verbs isn't effective

【答案】 D;A;F;G;E

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了如何充分利用你的学习时间的几点建议。

(1)上文说找一个安静的地方,保持常规,一次只关注一个科目,这似乎都是很合理的

建议,下文又介绍了如何充分利用你的学习时间的几点建议,此处需要一个承上启下的过

渡句,既与上文的建议形成转折关系,又要引出下文介绍的建议,故D项(但是,最近的

研究表明传统的观点是错误的)符合语境。

(2)根据本段内容,特别是“Doing practice quizzes can help you retrieve information on test

day”可知,做练习题可以帮助你在考试当天检索信息,本段讲的是要进行自我测试,故A

项(自我测试)符合语境。

(3)根据本空后的“If you move around and study the same material in several places,” he says,

“you may be forming multiple associations for the same material.”可知,如果你在不同的地方

学习同一种材料,你会产生多种联想,此处讲的是在不同的地点学习的好处,故F项(改

变学习地点可以帮助你保存更多信息)符合语境。

(4)根据本空前的“For example, when studying French, do some verbs, some speaking and

some reading.”可知,学习法语时,做一些动词,说一些,读一些,此处承接上文,讲的还

是关于学习法语的内容,故G项(把时间集中在动词上是没有效果的)符合语境。

(5)根据本空后的“And once it's gone, “it's gone. You're not getting it back.”可知,一旦它消

失了,你就想不起来了,此处说的是有关遗忘的内容,故E项(问题是你很容易忘记刚刚

记住的东西)符合语境。

【点评】阅读理解七选五解题步骤

1)分析选项,串联主题:了解文章的主题、大意,会让解题的方向更明确。 2)研究空格

前后,对比选项,选择答案。 3)复读短文,核对答案:为了保证答案的正确性,一定要

把答案代入原文,进行核对检查。

10.阅读下面材料,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

The autumn wind woke me up from my dream. I took a deep breath and looked around.

Suddenly I saw two people approaching me. As there was no one else in the park, they caught my

attention immediately.

The two people were getting closer and I heard them laughing. At first, this laugh made me

annoyed as if they had broken my unity with this park and disturbed my thoughts. But all of a

sudden, I noticed the age of them — they were old. I could not clearly identify their age, but the

woman looked as old as my grandmother. She had grey hair, blue eyes, and a smile on her face.

And all the time she was looking at HIM...

me.— that was all he said. He looked at her, smiled and gave her a hug.

At this very moment, I saw an old but strong man who knew his wife, and no matter how often

she could be complaining, he loved her! I imagined the many things they might go through

together — so many hardships that might make them cry, all the problems that they might be

experiencing right now and the probability that one of them would outlive the other. And the one

that outlives will think the life they spent together was the most beautiful period of their life.

They left, and I was sitting on my bench, shocked, and I had a special feeling in my heart. This

feeling was hope! The old couple with all the complaints and tons of mistakes behind their backs

made me realize that it was happiness that mattered in life. Eventually, all people would get old

and die, and what made a difference was the person you had dedicated your life to. I made a

wish — waking up one day, being old and feeling proud of being together with the person I loved

to overcome all the obstacles ( 障碍) and fight for happiness.

(1)Why did the author become angry at the old couple's laugh? (no more than 15 words)

(2)Why did the old couple look at each other all the time? (no more than 10 words)

(3)What was the author doing at that moment in Paragraph 4? (no more than 20 words)

(4)What does the underlined word

(5)How do you like the old couple? What can you learn from the passage? Please express it in

your own words. (no more than 20 words)

【答案】 (1)Because it had broken his unity with the park and disturbed his thoughts.

(2)Because they loved each other deeply.

(3)The author was wondering what made the old couple love each other so much\/The author

was imagining what the old couple might have gone through in life and made them love each

other deeply.

(4)Devoted\/ Give entirely.

(5)I think they are admirable\/ encouraging\/ a good example for us!We should cherish people

who love us and fight for happiness with them together.

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇议论文,作者通过记叙公园的一对彼此深爱的老夫妻而引发

了自己对于追求幸福,克服所有障碍和自己爱的人在一起的感悟。

(1)考查细节理解。根据第二段中的“At first, this laugh made me annoyed as if they had

broken my unity with this park and disturbed my thoughts.”可知作者对那对老夫妇的笑声感到

生气,因为它们破坏了作者与这个公园的统一,扰乱了他的思绪。故填Because it had

broken his unity with the park and disturbed his thoughts.。

(2)考查细节理解。根据第四段中的“At this very moment, I saw an old but strong man who

knew his wife, and no matter how often she could be complaining, he loved her!”可知这对老夫

妇总是互相看着对方是因为他们很爱彼此。故填Because they loved each other deeply.。

(3)考查细节理解。根据第四段中的“I imagined the many things they might go through

together — so many hardships that might make them cry, all the problems that they might be

experiencing right now and the probability that one of them would outlive the other.”可知作者

想象着他们可能一起经历的许多事情——那么多的困难可能会让他们哭泣,他们现在可能

正在经历的所有问题,以及他们其中一个活得比另一个更长的可能性。即作者是在思考是

什么使这对老夫妇如此相爱。故填The author was wondering what made the old couple love

each other so much.或The author was imagining what the old couple might have gone through

in life and made them love each other deeply.

(4)考查词义猜测。根据上文“Eventually, all people would get old and die, and what made a

difference was the person you had”可知最终,所有的人都会变老并死去,而真正起作用的是

和你相伴一生的人,你为之奉献一生的人。故可推测划线部分单词意思为奉献。故填

Devoted\/ Give entirely.。

(5)本题为开放性题目,言之有理即可。故填I think they are admirable\/ encouraging\/ a

good example for us!(我认为他们是值得钦佩的\/鼓舞的\/为我们树立了一个好榜样!)或We

should cherish people who love us and fight for happiness with them together.(我们应该珍惜

爱我们的人,和他们一起为幸福而奋斗。)

【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解,词义猜测和开放性题目题型的考查,是一篇人生感悟类

阅读,考生需要准确掌握所给材料,结合相关的词汇知识和词汇知识,写出正确的答案。

盘锦市高考英语一模试卷分类汇编任务型阅读

一、高中英语任务型阅读

1.请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单

词。

There's a contradiction in the way many of us behave online: we know we're being watched all

the time, and disapprove of the monitor by Google and the government. But the bounds of

what's considered too personal to be uploaded or shared online seems to shrink by the day.

I complain about the lack of privacy, for example, and yet I willingly and routinely trade it for

convenience. I no longer run the risk of unforeseen delays on public transport; Google Maps will

inform me of the fastest route to my destination; I no longer need to remember my friends'

birthdays; Facebook will urge me, and invariably appeal to me to post an update to remind

people I exist. All I have to do is make my location, habits and beliefs transparent to their parent

companies whenever they choose to check in on me.

So what's going on? “Visibility is a trap,” explained the French philosopher Michel Foucault in

Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison(1975). Allowing oneself to be watched, and learning

to watch others, is both attractive and dangerous. He took for example “Panopticon”, a prison

where prisoners were observed from a tower manned by an invisible occupant. The prisoners

would believe in the presence of the mysterious watchman, whether or not anyone was actually

inside, and behave themselves.

According to Foucault, the dynamics of the Panopticon are similar to how generally people self-

monitor in society. In the presence of ever-watching witness, people police themselves. They

don't know what the observers are looking for, or what the punishments are for disobedience (不

顺从). But they willingly accept and follow this invisible discipline.

Foucault claimed that such monitoring is worrisome, not just because of what companies and

states might do with our data, but because the act of watching is itself a terrible exercise of

power, which may influence behavior without our fully realizing it.

But something's not right here. Why does the self-display continue when we are sure that we

are watched from everywhere and nowhere?

Social media provides a public space that often operates more like a private one, where many

people hold the belief that there they won't suffer the consequences of what they say online, as

if protected by technology.

Plato would be alarmed by the lack of shame online. His point about moral knowledge is this:

we already know the right way to live a just and fulfilling life, but are constantly distracted(转移)

from that noble aim. For him, then, shame helps us be true to ourselves and to pay attention to

the moral knowledge within. A man without shame, Plato says, is a slave to desire — for material

goods, power, fame, respect. Such desire, by its nature, cannot be satisfied.

Phenomenon

My experience

While people hate being monitored, the ________ of privacy is gradually

becoming a more serious problem.

I complain about the lack of privacy but still exchange it for convenience.

convenience

* I ________ on Google maps for the fastest route to

avoid delays on public transport.

* Facebook will remind me of my friends' birthdays, and

appeal to me to be updated.

cost

I must make my ________ information available to

relevant companies.

Michel Foucault's Idea: Visibility is a trap.

explanations

An analogy:

* In the Panopticon, prisoners behave themselves just because they

believed they were watched by an ________ watchman.

* In real life, the way people self-monitor ________ the dynamics of the

Panopticon. They willingly follow the invisible discipline.

Worries: Our data may be ________ and monitoring may influence us to

change our behavior ________.

Reasons

contraction

Conclusion

for Though being watched, self-display continues because some netizens

think that they don't need to take ________ for what they say online.

*Shame is essential in leading a just and fulfilling life.

*Shame helps us stay true to ourselves and focus on our ________.

*Shame can ________ us being a slave to desires for fame and fortune.

【答案】 invasion \/violation \/leak \/lack

;depend \/rely \/count

;private \/personal

;invisible

;resembles

;abused\/ misused

;unconsciously

;responsibility

;morality \/moral(s)

;prevent\/stop

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇议论文,我们所有网上的行为都被监视,虽然网络给我们带

来了便利,但隐私的泄露却给我带来了很大的影响。很多人尽管知道自己的行为被监视,

却仍然在网上我行我素,认为自己的行为不会带来严重的后果,文章认为这主要是因为缺

少羞耻心。

(1)考查同义转换。根据第一段中的“There's a contradiction in the way many of us behave

online: we know we're being watched all the time, and disapprove of the monitor by Google and

the government.”可知当我们上网的时候,我们的行为都收到了监视。我们的隐私被泄露

了,而且这已经成为一个有利于严重的问题。所以本句要填名词invasion \/violation \/leak

\/lack。

(2)考查同义转换。根据第二段中的“Google Maps will inform me of the fastest route to my

destination”可知我依靠Google地图可以寻找到最快的路线。所以句中要填depend \/rely

\/count。

(3)考查同义转换。根据第二段中的“All I have to do is make my location, habits and beliefs

transparent to their parent companies whenever they choose to check in on me.”可知如果我想

得到便利,必须要把我的私人信息上传到相关的网站上。所以句中要填private \/personal。

(4)考查原词再现。根据第三段中的“He took for example “Panopticon”, a prison where

prisoners were observed from a tower manned by an invisible occupant.”可知这所监狱里的囚

犯行为得体主要是因为他们一直认为有他们看不见的人在监视着他们,句中出现了原词

“invisible”,所以句中要填invisible。

(5)考查同义转换。根据第四段中的“According to Foucault, the dynamics of the Panopticon

are similar to how generally people self-monitor in society.”可知现实生活里的人和监狱里的人

一样,他们都认为有看不见的人在监视着他们,所以他们的举止得体。句中使用动词

resemble与原句中be similar to语义一致,句中主语是单数名词the way,所以要填

resembles。

(6)考查句意理解。根据第五段“…not just because of what companies and states might do

with our data…”可知我们的隐私可能会被有关公司滥用,而我们自己却一点也不清楚。所

以句中要填abused\/ misused。

(7)考查同义转换。根据第五段最后“which may influence behavior without our fully

realizing it.”可知这是在我们没有完全意识到的情况下对我们的行为会有影响。句中使用副

词unconsciously替换介词短语“without our fully realizing it”,所以要填unconsciously。

(8)考查句意理解。根据倒数第二段中的“where many people hold the belief that there

they won't suffer the consequences of what they say online, as if protected by technology.”可知

虽然很多人知道网络行为被监视,但他们仍然认为自己不会承担不好的结果。所以句中要

填responsibility。

(9)考查句意理解。根据倒数第三句“For him, then, shame helps us be true to ourselves and

to pay attention to the moral knowledge within.”可知羞耻感会让人们保持真实性,并关注内

心的道德。句中要填名词承担focus on的宾语,所以要填morality \/moral(s)。

(10)考查句意理解。根据倒数第二句“A man without shame, Plato says, is a slave to desire

— for material goods, power, fame, respect.”可知柏拉图认为没有羞耻感的人会成为欲望的奴

隶。说明羞耻感可以阻止人们被欲望奴役。所以句中要填prevent\/stop。

【点评】本题考点涉及同义转换,原词再现和句意理解等题型的考查,要求考生准确掌握

所给材料内容,结合相关的词汇知识和词汇知识,写出正确的答案。

2.任务型阅读

Perhaps at one point in time, it was acceptable to start any letter or e-mail with “To Whom It

May Concern.”________ Starting your cover letter or e-mail for a job this way might give off the

impression that you didn't do your research on who you're writing to________After all, people

who address other people by their names when writing and speaking to them tend to be more

pleasant.

________It can be used in letters of recommendation or reference, formal complaints(抱

怨)made to a company, letters of introduction, and letters of interest.

Grammarly uses the example of needing to write a letter of recommendation, for a colleague

who will have to make several copies to distribute to interviewers________“In most cases,

though, try to narrow your focus rather than cast a broad net,” notes Grammarly.”Ask yourself.

Who does this e-mail concern? If you can honestly answer 'Anyone, 'then feel free to use “To

Whom It May Concern.” (These are the things you should never say in your cover letter.)

If you do happen to find that using “To Whom It May Concern” is appropriate, don't make

grammar mistakes, for example, letters or punctuation.________

A. However, it maybe interesting.

B. Those times have changed, though.

C. Making mistakes in writing will surely get you low scores.

D. It's also very impersonal, which some employers might not appreciate.

E. In that circumstance, sending and receiving letters is more of a formal greeting.

F. You might want to take note of other common errors you might be committing, too.

G. But according to Grammarly, there are four times when it's OK to use this greeting.

【答案】B;D;G;E;F

【解析】【分析】本文为应用文。现在写求职信与过去不同了。不写具体称呼会让收信的

人不舒服的,通用称呼只有几种场合才能用。如果要用这种的话,也要注意别犯一些常见

的语法错误。

(1)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。本句主要根据时态来判断。空前是一般过去

时,讲的是写信用通用称呼,而不是具体称呼在过去是可接受的。空后是一般现在时,现

在最好要称呼具体,否则会让人不喜欢。由此可推断出空前后是今昔对比,有所不同的。

分析选项可知,B项(Those times have changed, though. 然而,那些时代已经改变了)。可

知符合题意。过去的那种现象已不适合现在了,会留下不好的印象。故答案选B。

(2)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。 根据空前的内容:用这样的方式(没写收信

人的名字)写求职信或电子邮件可能会给你留下一个印象,那就是你没有对你要写的东西

做任何研究。空后:毕竟写信称呼他们的名字可能会更令人高兴。由此可推断出如果没写

收信人的名字,可能会让人不喜欢。分析选项D项(这也是非常客观的,有些老板可能不

欣赏)放入句中“如果写求职信时不写称呼可能会让人不喜欢。毕竟有称呼才会让人高

兴”,句意是通顺的。故答案选D。

(3)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。根据本段的内容:它可以用在推荐信或证明

信、对公司提出的正式投诉、介绍信和感兴趣的信件中。可知它用于四种场合。分析选项

可知,G项( But according to Grammarly, there are four times when it's OK to use this

greeting)但是根据Grammarly的说法,使用这个问候语有四次,可知本句中正好是可用于

四种场合,且选项G项与本段有意思及词(use)的复现。因此符合题意,故答案选G。

(4)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。空前:对于一个必须复制几份推荐信发给不同

的面试官的同事为例。由此可知写的求职信,要用正式用语。分析选项,可知E项( In

that circumstance, sending and receiving letters is more of a formal greeting.)在这种情况下,

发送和接收信件更多的是正式的问候语,符合题意,放入文中符合题意,故答案选E。

(5)考查对上下文的理解及推理判断能力。 根据空前的内容don't make grammar mistakes,

for example, letters or punctuation. 不要犯语法错误,例如字母或标点符号,这是常见的错

误。分析选项,可知 F项( 你可能会留意这些常见错误)与之有句意的重叠。放入句中,

检验可知,文中之意是在写信时,不要犯一些常见的语法错误,如拼写和标点符号,也许

你正在犯的错误。通过检验,推断出F项符合题意,故答案选F。

【点评】七选五解题步骤如下:

步骤一:快速浏览一遍七个备选答案,先确定哪个选项适合放在文章的什么位置。步骤

二:快速浏览文章,确定文章体裁,抓住文章结构。步骤三:分析篇章结构,找出各段的

主题句或主旨大意。步骤四:注意各选项中出现的句子衔接手段,寻找句中衔接标志词。

步骤五:区分相似项;步骤六:用代入法,检查答案是否合理。

3.任务型阅读

Difficult financial times don't mean your giving shuts down.________ There are so many ways

to give back that won't hurt your wallet and will enrich your life.

⒈Pick up the phone

Calling someone “for no reason” is an important opportunity to show them that you are

thinking of them. You are taking time out of your busy day to reach out. Everyone needs someone

to just listen sometimes. They may be filled with joy or sadness________

⒉Write a note

________ It is one thing to say it, but it can be even more meaningful to put it in writing. What

if you made a commitment to write a thank-you note to someone every week?

⒊ ________

You never know what someone might be going through a painful divorce, a tough college

semester, or just a bad day. Opening up your home will make someone feel appreciated. In

addition, it costs less than going out. The leftovers from this dinner can be packaged up for

homeless people. That's double giving!

⒋Set aside money from a daily routine to donate

Giving doesn't have to mean a life full of sacrifices. You can still buy a burger or get your nails

done________Donate the money you saves: Even $ 5 can make a difference in someone's life.

A. Give a gift to the stomach.

B. Invite someone over for dinner.

C. To take your awareness to a new level, move beyond money.

D. But instead of buying much coffee every week, you can drink less.

E. While some people enjoy receiving gifts, all of us appreciate a kind word.

F. Instead, they allow you to examine how your time and money are spent.

G. Be there to celebrate their good news, or support them with sympathy.

【答案】F;G;E;B;D

【解析】【分析】本篇是说明文。主要建议人们学会给予和付出。

A. Give a gift to the stomach. 给胃一个礼物。

B. Invite someone over for dinner. 邀请一些人吃饭。

C. To take your awareness to a new level, move beyond money. 把你的意识提到提高度,超越

金钱。

D. But instead of buying much coffee every week, you can drink less. 但是代替每周买一些咖

啡,你可以喝得更少。

E. While some people enjoy receiving gifts, all of us appreciate a kind word. 但一些人享受收到

礼物的时候,我们全都得到感激。

F. Instead, they allow you to examine how your time and money are spent. 反而,他们允许你考

查你的钱和时间是怎么花费的。

G. Be there to celebrate their good news, or support them with sympathy. 在那里祝贺他们的好

消息,或者给予他们同情和支持。

(1)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。上句说经济困难不意味停止付出,与F句花钱

吻合,且they与times一致。故答案F。

(2)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。上句提到快乐和忧伤,对应G中好消息和同

情。故答案G。

(3)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。小标题就是写几句话,下文提到感谢信,可推

内容是好话,良言一句三冬暖,谁不感激?故答案E。

(4)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。下文提到敞开家门和剩饭菜,正对应B中请

客吃饭。故答案B。

(5)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。下文提到节约捐赠,不每周买咖啡就是节约。

故答案D。

【点评】七选五解题技巧:1.理清文章的逻辑和结构,2.在所给的原文中找出关键词或者说

是线索词。文章的整体思路能帮助你在答案中筛选出符合逻辑的选项,关键词则能帮助你

确定更多的细节,排除相近的选项。

4.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余

选项。

Parents often say that they don't mind what their children do in life just as long as they are

happy. Happiness and pleasure are almost universally seen as among the most precious human

goods.________Philosopher Jeremy Bentham believed that all sources of pleasure are of equal

quality, but John Stuart Mill disagreed. Mill argued for a difference between higher and lower

pleasure.________Lower pleasure, in contrast, requires mere (仅仅的;纯粹的) senses.

The entire debate assumes a clear divide between the physical and the mental.________What

will it mean for our ideas about pleasure?

________Food is usually considered to be the lower pleasure. All animals eat, using the senses

of smell and taste. It doesn't require any complex cognition (认知) to conclude that something is

delicious. However, these people failed to appreciate something that the French food writer Jean

Anthelme Brillat-Savarin captured. That is, 才

智) knows how to eat.

Eating shows that the difference between higher pleasure and lower pleasure is not what you

enjoy but how you enjoy it.________Preparing it using the powers of reflection and attention

turns it into a higher pleasure.

A. The dining table is a good place to start.

B. Wolfing down your food is a lower kind of pleasure.

C. What's the real difference between high and low pleasure?

D. What happens if the physical and the mental cannot be separated?

E. All philosophers believed that cookery could never be a form of art.

F. Higher pleasure depends on human abilities such as self-awareness or language use.

G. However, disagreements will be caused about whether some forms of pleasure are better than

others.

【答案】 G;F;D;A;B

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,幸福和快乐几乎被普遍认为是人类最宝贵的财富之

一。然而,关于某些形式的快乐是否比其他形式的好,会产生分歧。John Stuart Mill认为

快乐的高低是有区别的。且以就餐为例,指出吃表明高快乐和低快乐的区别不是你喜欢什

么,而是你如何享受它。狼吞虎咽是一种低级乐趣,但是用心准备它就能将低级乐趣转变

为高级乐趣。

(1)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“Philosopher Jeremy Bentham

believed that all sources of pleasure are of equal quality, but John Stuart Mill disagreed.”可知

Jeremy Bentham认为所有快乐的来源都是平等的,但是John Stuart Mill不同意。可知关于

某些形式的快乐是否比其他形式的好,存在分歧。故选G。

(2)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“Mill argued for a difference between

higher and lower pleasure.”密尔认为快乐的高低是有区别的。与下文提到了lower pleasure,

即可知本句应是说明了higher pleasure。故F. Higher pleasure depends on human abilities

such as self-awareness or language use.“更高的快乐取决于人类的能力,如自我意识或语言使

用”。惩戒上下文符合语境,故选F。

(3)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“The entire debate assumes a clear

divide between the physical and the mental.”整个辩论在生理和心理上有明显的分歧。其中

physical and the mental可对应到D选项中the physical and the mental,意思为:如果身体和

精神不能分开会发生什么?故选D。

(4)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“Food is usually considered to be the

lower pleasure.”可知提到了food,故A. The dining table is a good place to start.“餐桌就是一个

分歧很明显的地方。”符合语境,故选A。

(5)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“Preparing it using the powers of

reflection and attention turns it into a higher pleasure.”用反思和专注的力量来准备它,会把它

变成一种更高的乐趣。根据上文可知:狼吞虎咽是一种低级趣味。故选B。

【点评】本题要求在理解细节信息的基础上,着重考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。

5.请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单

词。

注意:每个空格只填1个单词。

In an ideal world, we usually get eight hours of sleep every night, and wake up with enough

energy before work. But when we're struggling to balance the responsibilities of everyday life,

cutting back on sleep seems to be the only solution. Many of us rely on coffee or energy drinks to

get us through the day, instead of making sleep a priority. Sadly, as delicious as it can be, caffeine

is not the solution. Being tired not only brings down our energy levels, but also makes us less

productive and less motivated. There are concrete steps you can take right now to renew your

energy.

Awareness comes first because you have to understand what's going on before you can do

anything to change it. Most of us are too busy to notice how fatigue(疲劳) really affects our

bodies and minds. What signs of trouble do you regularly display? The patterns of your signs of

trouble can give you clues about the negative effects of your fatigue. In addition, it's wise to start

thinking about whoever can feel the effects of your fatigue.

Reflecting on the choices you've made can provide clarity, which will help you figure out what

needs to be changed. During this reflection, you will be able to understand more about yourself

and why you do the things you do. You may decide to forgive yourself for the mistakes you've

made. Thinking about the positive aspects of your life will make you feel refreshed and ready to

move forward.

Conversing with others not only provides support, but also leads to new perspectives and

feedback that can help with treatment and what you need to heal. To start with, have an open

mind and an open heart. Limit complaining. Complaints may need to be aired in order to relieve

pressure, but if they dominate(占上风), anger will win. Tell the truth. You do not need to tell

people everything, but you do need to be honest. Listen carefully because it shows respect.

The fourth step is about renewal—getting rid of what is bringing you down and making a fresh

start. It's helpful to break the process down. It is easier to make small adjustments than big ones.

On occasion, the small steps alone can remove fatigue. For instance, you may not need to change

your career but change emphasis. If you feel hopelessly dragged down by fatigue, self-care may

be the best prescription.

Four steps to fight fatigue

Phenomenon

Steps to

energy

Many people rely on coffee or energy drinks to overcome fatigue.

________

● Identify the signs of ________ you display regularly, which

can give you information about the bad effects of your fatigue.

● Think about the people who can sense your fatigue.

Reflection

● Find out the things that need ________by thinking carefully

about the choices you've made.

● Think ________, and you will feel refreshed and be ready to

move forward.

________

● Be open to others but don't ________too much.

● There is no need to tell others everything but you do need to

show ________ by telling the truth.

renewing your

● Show respect for others by________carefully.

Plan-and-act

●________ yourself of what brings you down and start afresh.

● Make small________or adopt a self-care attitude.

【答案】 Awareness;trouble;changing;positively;Conversation;complain;honesty;

listening;Rid;adjustments\/changes

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,作者对于如何恢复精力,给出了一些建议和方法。

(1)考查信息提升,根据第二段中的“Awareness comes first because you have to understand

what's going on before you can do anything to change it.”意识是第一位的,因为在你做任何事

情去改变它之前,你必须先了解发生了什么。这一部分主要讲了意识,所以填

Awareness。

(2)考查细节理解。根据第二段中的“What signs of trouble do you regularly display?”可知

这里填trouble。

(3)考查细心提升。根据第三段中的“Reflecting on the choices you've made can provide

clarity, which will help you figure out what needs to be changed.”可知这里意思是仔细思考你所

做的选择,找出需要改变的地方。need doing需要做某事,该用法是固定用法,所以填

changing。

(4)考查细节理解。根据第三段中的“Thinking about the positive aspects of your life will

make you feel refreshed and ready to move forward. ”可知这里意思是积极地思考,你会感到

精神焕发,准备好继续前进。该空修饰动词Think,用副词,所以填positively。

(5)考查信息提升。根据第四段中的“Conversing with others not only provides support, but

also leads to new perspectives and feedback that can help with treatment and what you need to

heal.”结合表格中的内容,可知这一部分主要讲了谈话,所以填Conversation。

(6)考查信息提升。根据第四段“Limit complaining. Complaints may need to be aired in

order to relieve pressure, but if they dominate(占上风), anger will win.”可知这里意思是向他人

敞开心扉,但不要抱怨太多。助动词don't后,接动词原形,所以填complain。

(7)考查细节理解。根据第四段中的“Tell the truth. You do not need to tell people

everything, but you do need to be honest.”可知这里意思是没有必要把一切都告诉别人,但是

你需要通过讲真话来表现出诚实。作动词show的宾语,用名词,所以填honesty。

(8)考查细节理解。根据第四段中的“Listen carefully because it shows respect.”可知这里意

思是认真倾听,尊重他人。介词by之后,接v+ing形式,所以填listening。

(9)考查信息提升。根据最后一段中的“The fourth step is about renewal—getting rid of

what is bringing you down and making a fresh start.”可知这里意思是摆脱让你沮丧的事情,重

新开始。祈使句用动词原形,所以填Rid。

(10)考查推理判断。根据最后一段中的“It is easier to make small adjustments than big ones.

可知这里意思是做一些小的调整或采取自我照顾的态度。作Make的宾语,用名词,所以

填adjustments\/changes。

【点评】本题考点涉及信息提升,细节理解和推理判断三个题型的考查,要求考生准确掌

握所给材料,结合相关的语法知识和词汇知识,从而做出正确答案。

6.Read the passage carefully. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each

sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

If you shower before bed, you've probably wondered whether sleeping with damp hair is a

problem. Maybe you've heard it could make you sick, or that it can damage your hair or skin.

What's the truth? Let's address the can make you sickmyth first. says Dr.

William Schaffner, a professor of medicine. While this idea persists, Schaffner says it was long ago

disproved. It's true that you're much more likely to catch a common cold during the winter

months. But this has to do with the ways respiratory (呼吸的) viruses spread, he says.

________ Illness-causing bacteria and viruses don't appear naturally, and so you're not going to

make yourself ill by getting your pillow a little damp at night, Schaffner says. But there is a

possible exception. Some research has shown that pillows—especially those made with synthetic

materials—can contain asthma- or allergy-triggering molds (哮喘或致敏菌) and fungus, which

tend to do well in damp environments, and so do dust mites, says Dr. Payel Gupta, a

spokesperson for the American Lung Association.

Gupta says there's no evidence that people who sleep with wet hair experience more allergy or

asthma symptoms. ________ But if you wake up with a stuffy nose, itchy or watery eyes,

breathing problems or other allergy or asthma symptoms—or even if you don't—you should

wash your pillow cases and sheets in hot water at least once a week to reduce your exposure to

any potential irritants (刺激物).

When it comes to the health of your hair and skin, there may be a few other reasons to worry

about wet hair. it's thought not to be good for hair to sleep with it wet,says Dr.

George Cotsarelis, a professor of dermatology (皮肤病学),

It's also worth noting that almost anything you do to your hair—from brushing and blow-drying

it to coloring it or exposing it to the sun—can damage it.

A. Hence, any concerns about wet hair are theoretical.

B. In some cases, wet hair may actually be a helpful sleep aid.

C. Over time, it can lead to breakages, as well as a loss of shine.

D. There may be some mild risks associated with going to bed with wet hair.

E. Another wet-hair rumor (谣传) is the idea that harmful bacteria will colonize your pillow.

F. This idea seems to fit into the old bit of custom that getting yourself chilled and wet will cause

you to come down with a cold.

【答案】 F;E;A;C

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍人们普遍认为湿着头发睡觉不利于健康,但是

毫无科学依据,但湿头发睡觉对头发有不利影响。

(1)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“While this idea persists, Schaffner

says it was long ago disproved.”可知,尽管这个观点仍然存在,但是很久之前就被证明是错

误的, F. This idea seems to fit into the old bit of custom that getting yourself chilled and

wet will cause you to come down with a cold. “这个观点似乎和旧的观念相融合,这一观念

认为感受到冷和湿润很可能会感冒”,承接下文,切题,故选F。

(2)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空后“Illness-causing bacteria and viruses

don't appear naturally, and so you're not going to make yourself ill by getting your pillow a little

damp at night, Schaffner says.”可知,致病病菌不会自然出现,因此,不用因为打湿了一点枕

头就觉得会感冒,E. Another wet-hair rumor (谣传) is the idea that harmful bacteria will

colonize your pillow. “关于湿头发的谣言就是细菌会占满你的枕头”,后文对这个观点进行

了反驳,切题,故选E。

(3)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“Gupta says there's no evidence that

people who sleep with wet hair experience more allergy or asthma symptoms”可知,没有证据

表明因为湿头发睡觉更有可能过敏或者风湿症状, A. Hence, any concerns about wet hair

are theoretical. “因此,任何关于湿头发的担忧都是理论上的”,没有实际意义,开启下

文,切题,故选A。

(4)考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据空前“Generally, it's thought not to be good

for hair to sleep with it wet”可知,一般说来,湿头发睡觉对头发不好, C. Over time, it can

lead to breakages, as well as a loss of shine. “长时间这样的话,头发容易断,无光泽”,

承接上文,切题,故选C。

【点评】本题要求在理解细节信息的基础上,着重考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。

7.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余

选项。

When big news breaks, it's easy to get caught up in following the story online. The Internet can

be a place to find useful information. ________ Helping kids understand the news and how to

separate fact from fiction is an important job for parents and educators.

Here's some advice that parents can offer kids to help them be quicker to judge as they

consume news online.

________ In the rush to cover stories, reporters make mistakes, officials don't always have

correct information and tidbits (八卦新闻) that sound reasonable often get passed around before

anyone has checked them for accuracy.

Use social media wisely. Some say Twitter is a great source of news in the first few minutes of a

tragedy. ________ On the other hand, Facebook can be a great way to connect with friends

affected by events in the news and to spread personal news within a more limited circle.

Be skeptical. ________ After the Boston Marathon bombing, NBC Sports reported that some

runners kept running all the way to the hospital to donate blood for the victims. Not true. There

are plenty of websites devoted to exposing false news stories. The Washington Post also has a

Fact Checker column that delivers claims made by public officials and politicians. Visit them to

find out if a story is true.

Keep it age-appropriate. Kids aren't always ready to digest big, tragic news - especially if the

news is about kids, such as school shootings or abuses. The constant repetition of information

can be confusing for younger kids, and at the beginning of a news event, parents might not be

able to offer any correct answers. ________

A. Remember, breaking news is often wrong.

B. It also can be the source of misinformation.

C. If something sounds too good to be true, it probably is.

D. Make sure you and your kids aren't falling victim to false news.

E. However, after that it just becomes messy and largely inaccurate.

F. With social media at your fingertips, it's convenient to express your opinion.

G. Kids who are eager to learn more about certain events can check kid-guided news sources.

【答案】 B;A;E;C;G

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文。文章介绍了一些父母可以提供给孩子的建议,这些

帮助他们在网上阅读新闻时更快地做出判断。

(1)上文提示“互联网是一个可以找到有用信息的地方。”承接上文,B项It also can be the

source of misinformation.(它也可能是错误信息的来源。)切题。此处also将上下文连接

在一起。故选B。

(2)下文提示“在匆忙报道新闻的过程中,记者会犯错误,官员们并不总是掌握正确的信

息,而那些听起来合情合理的小道消息往往会在任何人检查其准确性之前就被传开。”承接

下文,A项Remember, breaking news is often wrong.(记住,突发新闻往往是错误的。)切

题。故选A。

(3)上文提示“有人说,在悲剧发生的头几分钟里,Twitter是一个很好的新闻来源。”承

接上文,E.However, after that it just becomes messy and largely inaccurate.(然而,在那之

后,它就变得混乱,而且在很大程度上是不准确的。)切题。该项中的However表示一种

转折关系,将上下文仅仅联系在一起。故选E。

(4)根据本段小标题“务必持怀疑态度”。再根据下文提示“波士顿马拉松爆炸案发生后,

NBC体育报道称,一些跑步者一直跑到医院为受害者献血。不是真的。”承接标题和下文,

C项If something sounds too good to be true, it probably is.(如果某件事听起来好得令人难以

置信,那么它很可能不是真的。)切题。故选C。

(5)上文提示“不断重复的信息可能会让年幼的孩子感到困惑,而且在新闻活动开始时,

父母可能无法提供任何正确的答案。”承接上文,G项Kids who are eager to learn more

about certain events can check kid-guided news sources.(想要更多地了解某些事件的孩子可

以查看儿童指导的新闻来源。)切题。故选G。

【点评】阅读理解七选五解题步骤

1)分析选项,串联主题:了解文章的主题、大意,会让解题的方向更明确。 2)研究空格

前后,对比选项,选择答案。 3)复读短文,核对答案:为了保证答案的正确性,一定要

把答案代入原文,进行核对检查。

8.阅读短文,并按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

Yellow Robot deliver snacks to your home

A robot makes its way back to a supermarket after making a delivery during a demonstration in

Beijing.

Along a street on the outer edges of Beijing, a yellow and black cube about the size of a small

washing machine moves leisurely to its destination. This “little yellow horse” is a delivery robot,

transporting daily essentials like drinks, fruit and snacks from the local store to the residents.

Equipped with GPS system, cameras and radar, the robot is seen by its creator as the future of

logistics(物流) in China.

“The weak point is that it can't deliver directly to the door like a human.” said one customer,

who does not live on the ground floor. “But it is still quite practical. The robot delivers relatively

quickly.”

The robot takes off for Chinese customers' love of cashless payments and smartphone

shopping. China is the world's biggest online shopping market with more than half of its

population making at least one smartphone purchase per month, according to professional

services firm PricewaterhouseCoopers. Whether buying electronics, toilet paper or clothes,

Chinese customers are used to simply tapping a button on their smartphone and getting a home

delivery.

To get a delivery via the “little yellow horse”, customers select the desired products, tap in the

address and pay via their phone. Then, the supermarket staff place the items in the robot.

Liu Zhiyong, founder and CEO of Zhen Robotics, which manufactures the robot, sees a bright

future for his creation. “At the moment, there are 100 million packages delivered every day in

China. It will be one billion in the future,” Liu said. “ There will not be enough humans to make

the deliveries. We need more and more robots to fill this gap and reduce costs.” These costs are

especially high in the last kilometer of a delivery.

(1)What is the yellow robot equipped with? (no more than 8 words)

(2)What is the weak point of the yellow robot? (no more than 12 words)

(3)Why is the robot popular with Chinese people? (no more than 12 words)

(4)What does the underlined word “manufactures” mean in the passage? (no more than 1

words)

(5)What do you think of the invention of the yellow robot? Why? (no more than 20words)

【答案】 (1)GPS system, cameras and radar.

(2)It can't deliver directly to the door like a human.

(3)Because of Chinese customers' love of cashless payments and smartphone

shopping.\/Because Chinese customers love cashless payments and smartphone shopping.

(4)Invents; Creates; Produces;(形式不对减一分)

(5)It is very helpful. Because the robot can replace humans to make the delivers and the robot

can reduce costs.

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了黄色的快递机器人以及它的市场前景。

(1)考查信息提升能力。根据第二段中的“Equipped with GPS system, cameras and radar,

the robot is seen by its creator as the future of logistics(物流) in China.”可知黄色的机器人装备

有GPS系统,摄像头和雷达,所以填GPS system, cameras and radar。

(2)考查信息提升能力。根据第三段中的“‘The weak point is that it can't deliver directly to

the door like a human.’said one customer, who does not live on the ground floor.”可知黄色机器

人的缺点是它不能像人一样直接送货上门,所以填It can't deliver directly to the door like a

human。

(3)考查信息提升能力。根据第四段中的“The robot takes off for Chinese customers' love of

cashless payments and smartphone shopping.”可知机器人在中国很受欢迎是因为中国消费者

喜欢无现金支付和智能手机购物,所以填Because of Chinese customers' love of cashless

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